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Southern Miss HIS 101H - Unification of China

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HIS 101H 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. China CivilizationsII. Progress with different dynasty’sOutline of Current Lecture III. Introduction of Confucius ideas Current LectureI. Unification of ChinaA. Order- Warning - Qin dynasty- Former Han- Xin dynasty- Later HanB. Crisis of later Zhou- age of social mobility- Emergence of various philosophers- 100 schools of thought- Programmatic approaches- Also changes in military strategy C. Confucius- Latinization of honorific Kong Fuzi (Master Kong)- Member of Chi class - Analects conversation between Confucius and his students- Emphasis on hierarchy, order, and mortality- Teachers were at the top- Ideal of the Junzi or superior manD. later Confucius- Mencius (371-289) B.C.- human nature is good, people have the right to overthrow a tyrant These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Xunzi- humans are born evil but have the potential to be transformed by education a) Become a student of Legalism School of Philosophy (people are evil)E. Daoism (Taoism)- Naturalistic philosophy (yin/yang)a) yin- male, strong light, dry, little bit of femaleb) yang- women, dark, moist, little bit of male- Attributed to Laozi- Harmony with nature, getting away from government and closer to nature- Classic works are mystical/ Daodejing a) The most translated text other than the Christian bible - Zhuangzi- late thinker- Eventually becomes popularized as religionF. Legalism - Law and order, everyone is equal- Attributed by Zhoug and lord Shang Yang- Later masters included Hanfeizi- Do well and be rewarded- Everyone can move up - Harsh laws and punishments needed because people are selfish, evil, and stupidG. Unification of Qin- Based on adaption of legalistic philosophy and military efficiency - Qin- one of the 7 great warning states- Divided and concurred rivals- War machines solely devoted to ruler Ying Zheng (Qin Shi Huangdi) first empire of


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