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UT Knoxville FWF 250 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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FWF 250 1nd EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 7Lecture 1 (January 13)1.) List the five natural resources,Soil, water, air, plants, and animals2.) What is the difference between conservation and preservation?Conservation is using the resources while maintaining the resources, while preservation is protecting the resources and keeping them in their natural state.Lecture 2 (January 15) 1.) What did Chris Graves do with the U.S. Geological Survey?A black bear reintroduction program from the Great Smoky Mountains to Big South Fork.2.) Which of the extractions, summer or winter, was more efficient?The winter extraction, which relocated pregnant females, was more efficient.3.) In which of the extractions, summer or winter, was Chris Graves involved?Summer extraction.4.) When setting up an Aldrich spring-activated foot snare, what precautions should be taken?Make sure that no sardine juice was spilled near the actual leg trap.5.) Chis Graves was involved in what other activities?U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Delta Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Station, and the Student Career Experience Program.6.) What is the difference between a marsh and a swamp?A marsh is a wetland dominated by trees, while a swamp is a wetland without tress.Lecture 3 (January 20)1.) True or False? Native Americans lived in harmony with the land.True 2.) When was the last heath hen last seen?The last one was seen in Massachusetts in Martha’s Vineyard around 1934.3.) What landscapes covered North American before the 1900s?Pristine beaches, dunes, maritime forests, coastal marshes, vast riverine forests, pine forests, sand hills, prairies, and piedmonts. 4.) Who talked about Native Americans using fire regularly without control?Hernando de Soto5.) How were the Native Americans pushed out of America?Europeans brought over small pox. They also killed bison in order to do just this.6.) What aided in logging of trees?The railroad.7.) Where did the last Carolina Parakeet die?Cincinnati Zoo.8.) For what was the punt gun used?The punt gun was used for market hunting of waterfowl.9.) What allowed market hunting of waterfowl?The Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.Lecture 4 (January 22)1.) For what was the great egret marketed?They were marketed for their feathers. Women adorned their clothing with them.2.) Who was responsible for the birth of the first national wildlife refuge?Paul Kroegel3.) What was the first federal bird reservation?Pelican Island4.) In 1889, where the remaining 150 bison found?Yellowstone National Park5.) Which animal was the most widely distributed in North America?Mountain lions6.) Why did the hunting bounties only last from the 1600s to the 1960s?Bounties were removed because of they were susceptible for fraud. Hunters would leave alone the pregnant wolves. Also, they would make porcupine noses from their foot pads.7.) Who was The Grand Old Man of American natural science?William Bartram8.) Who was the first American ornithologist?Alexander Wilson9.) Who conducted the first known bird-branding experiment with Eastern Phoebes?John James Audubon10.) Who was the founder of the Audubon Societ?George Bird GrinnellLecture 5 (January 29)1.) For what is George Perkins Marsh known?He was America’s first environmentalists and “The Father of the Environmental Movement.” He also wrote the book Man and Nature.2.) What book did Henry David Thoreau write?Walden, which is considered the “bible” for conservationists.3.) Who is known as the father of preservation, father of national parks, and wilderness profit?John Muir4.) Who is considered the leader/father of conservation and was the first American born forester?Gifford Pinchot5.) Who was the best conservation president?Theodore Roosevelt6.) Who was the second chief of the U.S. Forest Services of Vanderbilt Forest Estate?Dr. Carl Alwin Schenk, who was hired after Pinchot.7.) What program did Schenk start?The first forestry program, Biltmore Forest School.8.) Of what was Aldo Leopold considered a father?He is considered the father of wildlife education in American, the father of U.S. wilderness system, and the father of wildlife management.9.) Who preferred tennis shoes over boots when hiking?Robert “Bob” MarshallLecture 6 (February 3)1.) When did states establish state agencies and state park systems?1905-1930s2.) What funds the state wildlife agencies?Hunting and fishing license dollars3.) What funds the state parks in TN?General appropriation4.) How many acres per year are lost to asphalt and roofs?80,0005.) What committee did Billy Minser start?Tennessee Conservation Funding Initiative6.) What were the three steps that this committee have completed?They sent out questionnaires to these agencies about funding issues, included other groups into their committee, and they completed two public opinion surveys in 2009 and 2015.7.) What was this committee’s mission?To provide dedicated funding for all three state agencies8.) When was the Tennessee Heritage Conservation Trust Fund Act passed?20059.) What other two states have successfully accomplished adding a sales tax for funding of these agencies?Missouri and ArkansasLecture 7 (February 5)1.) Who was an editorial cartoonist that advocated conservation?J.N. “Ding” Darling2.) What laid the foundation for the National Wildlife Refuge?Biological Survey3.) Who was the founder for the National Wildlife Federation?J.N. “Ding” Darling4.) What were the three objectives of the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Program?Education, research, and technical assistance5.) Who created programs to help farmers with environmental problems at the watershed level?Hugh Hammond Bennett6.) Whose writings launched the global environment movement?Rachel Carson7.) What caused the bald eagle and falcon population to decline?DDT8.) Who was the “Father of the Federal Duck Stamp Program?”J.N. “Ding” Darling9.) How much was the first duck stamp and the ones today?The first one was $1, but they are now around $15.10.) Who started the United States Soil Erosion Service?Hugh Hammond Bennett11.) What is the mission of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)?Helping people help the land12.) Who signed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act?Franklin D. Roosevelt13.) Who talked at The White House about the Dust Bowl?Hugh Hammond BennettThe Tale of Two Species1.) For what are horseshoe crabs used?Their blue blood is used for medical purposes, and they are also used for bait.2.) Which species


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