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UNT PSYC 4620 - Defining Personality

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PSYC 4620 1st Edition Lecture 1Outline of Current Lecture II. What Makes You DifferentIII. Defining PersonalityIV. BehaviorV. The Big Question of PersonalityCurrent LectureWhat Makes You Different- Depends on the person and situationThe Person and the Situation- Situations (the environment) and individual differences (the person) contribute to behavior (one area of focus)- People act differently in different situationso Ex: Emily has a very calm personality, but when her dog goes missing, she becomes very scared and neurotic.- Different people don’t act the same in the same situationo For example: 2 students: John and Emily. John is generally very uptight and anxious. Emily is usually very calm (2 different people with different personalities). Both students leave only 2 hours to study for their exam (same situation). Emily tackles her 2 hours calmly and effectively. John panics for an hour, then starts stdying.What Makes You Different from Others- Personality psychologists answer this question by looking for patterns of behavior that generally describe what most people will do.- Some people are generally very happy, some people are generally very sad.Defining Personality- Universal truth of psychology: it depends- Hard to agree- different schools of thought have different answers- This creates pros and consA Generic Definition of PersonalityThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Consistent behavior patterns and intrapersonal processes originating within the individual.Behavior Patterns- Individual differences in general patterns of behavior- Behavior clues us into the person- we can see part of who they are by looking at what they do- Behavior is data, concreteConsistent- Personality is stable across time and situations***- Logic bomb: If personality exists, and if behavior is not merely a reflection of the situation, then there is some consistency to the way people act- Behavior is not solely a function of the situation, but also how we generally deal with thesituation because of our unique internal processes.The Big Question- What are the sources of behavior patterns?- Funder, 2007 definition of personality: An individual’s characteristic patterns of thought, emotion and behavior.o Not interdependent6 Approaches to Answering the Big Question1) Psychoanalytic (Freudian/Neo-Freudian, unconscious minds)2) Trait (Continuum of personality traits)3) Biological (Genetics, physiological aspects)4) Humanistic (Personal responsibility, self acceptance)5) Behavioral/Social Learning (Conditioning)6) Cognitive (How you process


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