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SC DANC 101 - Lecture Outline - Week Ten

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Dance 101 – Lecture Outline – Week TenText: Chapter Nine – Jazz Dance, Musical Theatre and Tap DanceVideo: That’s Dancing; Gene Kelly, Anatomy of a Dancer; Jerome Robbins, Something to Dance About;Fosse; Center Stage- The Vaudeville Era o Early bariety shows that were the predestors of what later happened on broadwayo Top acts were headlinerso Movies killed this erao Connected the US before the electronic age - Minstrel Showso Sub genre of Vaudeville; more African American audience and performers - The Harlem Renaissanceo Rebirth and reawakeningo Neiborhood on the island of manhatten; uptown o Place for the newest immigrants (Irish at first, African Americans last)o 1920s called the jazz age; roaring 20s; era of flappers - The Cotton Clubo Most famous placeo Where musicians got their starto Tap dancer, singers, dancers, got their start hereo Still segregated - The Golden Age of Movie Musicalso 1930s, 40s, and 50so Silent era o Early motion pictures called the flickers o Dancers didn’t want to be filmed o Tap and ball room were the kings of dance genre and motion pictureso Television ended the golden age - Busby Berkeley – Trademark Style and Camera Worko Cinematic geniuso Broadway stage choreographer/directoro First one to take camera off the floor; combined filming on the floor with close-ups and overhead shots o Also edited unusually; made cuts and splices - Fred Astaire (1899-1987)o Elegant tap dancer who used to do ballroom in Vaudvilleo Changed the way the motion picture camera photographed a dance o Wanted the performance to be what the audience sawo Usually in a tuxedo or tails - Ginger Rogers (1911-1995)o Danced with Fred; one of the most popular dancing couples o Projected romantic love through dance o “Royal Wedding”, “The Barclays of Broadway”, “The Gay Divorcee”, “Flying Down to Rio”,“Top Hat”. “Swing Time”, “Holiday Inn”; constantly made movieso were called a class act - Bill “Bojangles” Robinson (1878-1949) and Shirley Templeo She was 6 he was 56 year old black man o He was a Vaudeville Headlinero Movie magic; embraced their relationship dynamic o Tap danced o “The Little Colonel”, “Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm”- Movie Musicals - Stage Musicals- Broadway- Size of theatre determines if its off broadway - The West Endo Londons version of the broadway theatre districto Vary accessible - Off Broadway- Off-Off Broadway- Book Musicalso Based on a book; story musical - Concept Musicalso Ex. cats- Musical Reviews- Either take an era or composer and center on that - Florenz Ziegfeld (1867-1932)o “The Ziegfeld Follies”o took showgirls and put them with all sorts of people strung together by a decade - George Balanchine (1904-1983)o “On Your Toes”, “Babes in Arms”, “The Boys from Syracuse”- stage musical o “I Married An Angel”- movie o all featured women in his life o all of them featured ballet dancers - Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) (crossover)o “Cabin in the Sky”; featured Alvin alley o “Stormy Weather” (Lena Horn sang)o anthropologist from Chicagoo graduate work in Carribean - Gene Kelly (1912-1996)o In competition with Fred Asteireo Common man dressing and polo shirt and sweatshirt; comfortable clotheso Played construction workers and military guyo Very athletic o Created American style****o “Singing In the Rain”, end of vaudeville transition to siltent movies; tap movieo “An American in Paris”; Gershwin music, very jazz style of dance o On The Town”, started as a ballet, became a movie musical developed from fancy freeo “Brigadoon”, from gene Kelly to agnes de mille- Jack Cole (1913-1974) o Jazz dancer who performed in night clubso Did kismet and the other ones listed and movie called cover girl o Father of Jazz Dance – Theatrical Jazz Dance Heritage”o “Kismet”, “ A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum”, “Man of La Mancha”, “Cover Girl”- Agnes de Mille (1905-1993)o Ballet and Broadway and Movie Musicalso Member of courte de ballet o Uncle was head of movie studio o “Rodeo” dance only; her connection to American west o used dream sequences that moved along the plot o “Oklahoma” (story of becoming a state)o “Brigadoon”o “Carousel”Gower Champion (1921-1980)“42nd Street”, “Hello Dolly”, “Bye, Bye Birdie”, “Carnival”, “I Do! I Do!”Jerome Robbins (1918-1998) o broadway to ballet crossover o very tied to NYC ballet o chemistry major o “West Side Story”, “Fiddler on the Roof”, “Peter Pan”, “The King and I”, “Gypsy”, o “Fancy Free”; 3 sailors having a tourist in NYC stopping into bars and restaurants done byJerome robbins ballet; made movie version with gene Kelly and frank cenatrao Developed triple threat***o Ballet to Broadway and Back- Twyla Tharp (b. 1942)o individual is featured heavilyo crossed over from modern dance to broadwayo Modern/Contemporary Dance, Movie Musicals, Broadwayo Uses composer to work o “Baryshnikov by Tharp”, “Hair”, “Amadeus”, “White Nights”,“Singing in the Rain”, “Movin’ Out” (Billy Joel), “Come Fly Away” (Frank Sinatra). “The Times They are a-Changin” (Bob Dylan), “Push Comes to Shove”, “The Catherine Wheel” o Worked with Mikale Barishnikof- Bob Fosse (1927-1987)o 4 exam questions o Slinky, twichey, sexy style of dance; a lot of hunched shoulders and head down; inventedthe jazz hand and used gloves o Held the record for most Broadway shows choreographedo Was a tap dancer o Riff Brotherso Watched strippers o Took acting and dance classes at NYC ballet o “Turned in” position; opposite of ballet o Used a hat in choreography o “Cabaret”, “Chicago”, “Pippin”, “Damn Yankees”, “The Pajama Game”, “Redhead”, “Bells Are Ringing:, “How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying:,“Sweet Charity”, “Dancin’”, “All That Jazz”- Gillian Lynne (b. 1926)o broadways connection in Londono ballet dancer crossover o Andrew Lloyd Weber used her to choreograph o “Cats”, “Phantom of the Opera”, “Aspects of Love”; “The Secret Garden”, “Chitty, Chitty Bang Bang”o The Royal Ballet- Susan Stroman (b. 1954)o New bob fosseo Had 3 broadway shoes running at the same time o “Contact” dance story, no lyrics or song music; won a tony o “The Producers”, “Young Frankenstein”, “Crazy for You”, “Steel Pier”, “Center Stage”o Revivals: “Showboat”, “Oklahoma”, “The


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