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UT SOC 302 - Structural Nature of Social Relations

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SOC 302 1st Edition Lecture 5Outline of Last Lecture II.What is social structurea. Macrostructureb. MicrostructureIII.Social StructuralIV.EmergenceV.Issues between Macro and MicroOutline of Current Lecture VI.Human limitations’VII.How social structures emergea.ConstraintsCurrent LectureHumans are endowed with immense causal powers to make/remake themselves, their relations, cultures, and material world, but all such powers operate within the confines of natural limits on human bodies, consciousness, and action. Humans are limited. Our bodies are finite and radically depend on our environments. This gives rise to scarcity of resources and therefore, competition, which has consequences on social structure. Additionally, humans mature much more slowly than other animals. While an animal might mature completely in such a short period as a few months, our mental, emotional,and cultural learning processes are extended much longer. Also, any knowledge we have of reality depends on our interpretation of it. It is subjective to each person. These are all consequences that human limitations impose upon social structure.Social structures emerge when human capacities propel us into world-engaging activities. Although we have natural limits, we can attempt to advance our natural capacities. People naturally pursue activities and relations that vies rise to social structures, developing patterns of continuity, or durability, in these social structures. This makes personhood possible because every person tries to advance his or her natural capabilities to a different level than someone else. We are individual people with individual qualities. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.We also have constraints. Constraints are not always negative, as they may seem. An example of a positive constraint is the unwritten constraint that students will be quiet and respectful during a lecture. This is positive because it allows the students to learn, which is why they are there. However, we naturally resist some constraints of social structures and attempt toalter them. This is another way in which new social structures may


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