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UW-Milwaukee PSYCH 205 - Looking into Unconscous Material

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Psych 205 1st Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture I. Introduction to the Psychoanalytic TheoryOutline of Current Lecture II. Looking into unconscious materialA. Definition of unconscious materialIII. Applying PsychoanalysisIV. Projective testsV. Strengths and criticism’s of Freud’s TheoryCurrent LectureIn todays lecture, we did a quick overview of what the Psychoanalytic Theory is and what it consists of. We dug further into the topic of what unconscious means and how it is applied to psychology. We then learned how to apply Psychoanalysis and also assessing and evaluating projective tests. Lastly, we went over the different strengths and weaknesses of Sigmund Freud’stheory and the different views on it.Looking into Unconscious Material-When strong id impulses are pushed out of consciousness, they do not disappear and they can often be expressed in an altered form.-Unconscious thoughts can be noticed while observing innocent behaviorsTechniques to get Unconscious Material-Dreams-Provide id impulses with a stage of expression-Trained psychoanalyst can often identify dream symbols-Free association-Used to temporarily ignore the censoring mechanism employed by the ego but exposing strange and uncensored ideasThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.-Freudian Slips-Misstatements or slips of the lounge-Unconscious associations could be represented-Hypnosis-Allows hypnotist to ignore the ego and get directly to the unconscious material-Con: not everyone is responsive-Accidents-Intentional actions coming form unconscious impulses-Resistance: an effort by the unconscious mind to cover the unconscious material-Symbolic Behavior-Daily behaviors can be interpreted as symbolic representations of unconscious desires and poses to not threat egoApplication of Psychoanalysis-Psychoanalysis: a system of psychotherapy that focuses on uncovering the unconscious material that is responsible for a patients disorder-The primary goal is to bring crucial unconscious material into consciousness for rational examination-Unconscious material must be dealt with to avoid manifestation with new disorders-It requires several long hour therapy sessions, usually is expensive, the main focus is to get at the unconscious material that is causing the disorder, the therapist has to be very active with the whole procedure, when a client shows resistance then you know that there is progress coming from the therapy session-Development of transference-The displacement of emotions that come from a past experience and are put on a therapist-It is a delicate and crucial part of therapy and countertransference is unacceptable-Psychoanalytic therapies can be very effective in treating several physiological disordersProjective tests: Assessment-Projective Tests-Assess unconscious material by asking test takers to respond to ambiguous stimuli by identifying objects, telling a story, drawing a picture-Rorschach inkblot test-Predicts behavior from responses to inkblot and designed by Hermann Rorschach-Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)-The test takers are asked to tell a story about a set of ambiguous pictures and designed by Henry Murray-Human figure drawing test-Measures intelligence and important personality constructs and is used to indicate psychological problems in childrenProjective tests: Evaluation-Criticisms of Rorschach inkblot test-Low indices of reliability and lack of evidence for the validity of the test-There is no scientific basis for justifying the use of Rorschach scales in the psychological assessment and reviewers found the test to not be useful -Newer systems for coding Rorschach’s test are more reliable than earlier methods-Use of projective tests goes beyond psychotherapy because psychologists are working with court officials and law enforcement-Still not sure the validity of projective testsStrengths and Criticisms of Freud’s Theory-Strengths-First comprehensive theory-First system of psychotherapy,-Promoted important psychological concepts -Criticisms-Writers say that Freud’s ideas are not original-Hypotheses that were made are not proven to be testable-The disagreements with the points of emphasis and tone of Freud’s


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