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WSU HD 204 - HD Family Interaction Spring 2015

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HD Family InteractionJanuary 20, 2015Announcements: paper due 1 week from Thursday, instructions are on Angel. Paper does not have to be longer than 2-3 pages, he does not pay attention to page length. - one example: Family and Medical leave Act (FMLA)o up to 12 workweeks of unpaid FMLA leave in each 12-month period for medical leave family leave (spouse, child, parent) childbirth/newborn care leave adoption/foster care leave- Andrew Cherlin on family demographics- Deinstitutionalization – to make something not a part of society.o example: “decoupling” of marriage and childbirtho religion not as important when choosing a spouseo divorce rate: 42%- marriage in the U.S.: some trendso 1890: 26.5 (men), 23.5 (women)o 1950: 23 (men), 20.5 (women)o 2011: 28 (men), 26.5 (women) for the exam, know the trends of marriage. Know the age is about 26 years. We are different today from the marriage ages in the 50s than we are from the 1890s.  trend from 1890 to today is a slow gradual decrease from 1890 to 1950s, and then a fast increasing age between 1950s to today.- 2010 study: % of women married by age 30o White: 81%o African American: 52%o Hispanic: 77%- most important factor in determining marriage rates: educationo college educated are less likely to marry before age 25, but are more likely at 40 to have ever been married- child bearing in the US: some trendso in 2010, 57% of all births in the United States were to married coupleso in 1970: 89%o in 1950: 96%- percentage of births to unmarried women:o Asian: 17%, white: 28%, Hispanic: 51%, African American: 72%o No HS diploma: 68% HS diploma: 53% some college: 32%, college degree or more: 7%- “Families are defined primarily through their interaction rather than through their structure.”- What is communication?o A “symbolic, transactional process of creating and sharing meanings.”o symbols can be verbal or nonverbal, nonverbal expressions include facial expressions eye contact gestures body movement postureo transactional: communicating persons have a mutual impact on each other unique realityo levels of meaning: 1. informational level 2. relationship level  history is necessary 3. metacommunication  conversations about communicationJanuary 27, 2015- If you are sick, contact TA Sue ahead of time to make up points for any in class activities.- What do we mean by “theory?”o help us make sense of the world around uso allows us to answer the “why” questiono critical for intervention- last time:o symbolic interactiono social exchangeo developmental life cycleo life course perspective- today:o ecological perspectiveo attachmento family systemso social learning- Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Perspective o Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005) professor at Cornell University one of the founding fathers of human developmento Bronfenbrenner’s model is shaped like a bull’s eye center of the model: the individual (characteristics, temperament, gender) microsystem: immediate settings in which we develop (family, school, peers, health services, church group, neighborhood) mesosystem: connections between microsystems exosystem: microsystems that indirectly influence development. (friends of family, mass media, social welfare services) macrosystem: cultural “blueprint” that shapes social structures and activities (attitudes and ideologies of the culture) chronosystem: effects of time and historical context. patterning of environmental events and transitions over the life course: sociohistorical conditions. time (sociahistorical conditions and time since life events o development does not occur independent of contexto there is a lot of complexity in our contextual influences.- Attachmento Attachment theory: how do early experiences with caregivers shape our future relationships?o John Bowlby: attachment is an affectional tie that a person forms to another specific person. o Mary Ainsworth: developed “secure base” idea. attachment figure is home base from which we can explore the worldo Ainsworth developed the Strange Situation to assess quality of mother-child attachment. o from an attachment perspective, our early relationships provide a template for our future relationships is the world around me predictable? safe? nurturing? or is it distressing? unpredictable? isolating?- Family Systemso system: set of components that inter-relate with one another to form a wholeo family: a system comprised of related sub-systems (partner-partner; parent-child; siblings)o systems are interdependent.o each family member’s behavior is related to, and dependent on, the behavior of others.o dynamics in one subsystem can often only be understood by looking at the dynamics in another subsystem. o systems have self-regulating patterns patterns make life more predictable and manageable what communication rules did you have in your family of origin?February 3, 2015- family of origin influenceso multigenerational transmissiono genetics vs. environmental issues- three types of correlationo 1. passive correlation: relation between the genes that parents pass on to children and the environment they provide for their children. o 2. evocative correlation: relation between the genes parents provide for children and the reactions of other people to their appearance or behavior. o 3. active correlation: children’s active attempts to find environments that are compatible with their genotypes. also known as “niche-picking”o two types of twin studies 1. compare the similarity of MZ (identical) twins to DZ (fraternal) twins. on most traits, MZ twins are more similar than DZ twins. Passive correlations is something that influenced me to go to college. My parents did not make me involve in any type of extra-curricular activities. Often times my mom would give me “lessons” of math and reading to help me start learning before I began kindergarten. Even when Ino longer wanted to learn and I was tired my mom would still teach me. She even bought a whiteboard and calculator for her to teach me lessons. I remember she would say a word and she would expect me to spell it on the white board. My mother was a huge advocate for education and that definitely made me want to excel in school. Another passive correlation that influenced me was my mom’s ability to sing. When my mother was younger she won multiple singing competitions. During my childhood until now she had a


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