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TnTech HIST 2010 - The Southern Colonies

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Hist 2010 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last LectureII. FrenchA. French ExplorersC. French SettlementD. Black RobesE. Demise of New FranceIII. EnglishA. Early English Presence (Cabot & Drake)B. Incentives for SettlementC. Settlement PatternsIV. A New World for AllOutline of Current LectureI. The Southern ColoniesA. The Failed Colony of Roanoke (1584 & 1587)B. Virginia 1606-1607Virginia and the Southern Colonies Lect #7I. The Southern ColoniesA. The Failed Colony of Roanoke (1584 & 1587)1. Sir Walter Ralegh:  wanted to established a colony in North America permission from queen Elizabeth in 1584, used his own money to organize an expedition to settle in Virginia 2. Roanoke Island: (FAILURE) 158 settlers placed on this island build a fort but quickly alienate the Indians  abandoned out of fear of attack of Indians 3. The Lost Colony of RoanokeThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute. The colony just disappeared when the resupply ships found themCROATOAN:  A nearby island where friendly Indians lived believed the lost colony went thereB. Virginia 1606-1607 1. Virginia Company of London (IN CHARGE) King James grants a settlement Joint-Stock Company:  expected to find worthwhile in Virginia first settlement was established by a for profit company looking for wealth 2. Jamestown (1607) Important Date! off of the James river; up river because they were afraid of Spanish attack swamp, disease (malaria) gentlemen: were people who are wealth off3. Powhatan Confederacy:  they owned the land Jamestown was settled on wanted the gun power the settlers had1622 Attack Powhatan attack on Jamestown Attacked because the settlers were taking their land 25% of Jamestown population was killed4. John Smith Does not care for the gentlemen He stabilizes and leads the colony until he is wounded then returns to England5. The “Starving Time” (WINTER OF 1609-1610) During that winter the Powhatan are at war with the settlers A drought going on SPRING 1610: when the resupply ship comes the settlers who were left wanted to go back to England  The Governor of Virginia meets them up river and tells them to turn around and go back to the colony6. Lord de la Warr (Governor of Virginia The colony of Delaware was established in his name7. John Rolfe & Tobacco (1612)* John Rolfe discovered that Tobacco grows very well in Virginia  Used the Caribbean strain of tobacco Pocahontas married John Rolfe8. Costs of Growing Tobacco Helps determine the nature of Virginia settlement Tobacco is very difficult crop to labor  LARGE LABOR FORCE (slaves)Expansion & Its Impact Need to grow and expand Increase conflict of Indians and Settlers because of land ownershipAfrican Slaves (1619) *Important date Arrived by accident  They pick the tobacco in the fields“Extreme Individualism” of Va. Settlers Education is not important  Defense is not important Religion is not a priority  WORRIED ABOUT TOBACCO FARMING ONLY9. House of Burgesses (1619)* important date Frist European representative legislature  First elective assembly 10. Va. Becomes Royal Colony (1624) Virginia company of London never makes any money The Royal King dissolves the colony and royal king takes over English government runs the


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