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Southern Miss SHS 412 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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SHS 412 1st Edition EXAM STUDY GUIDE LECTURES: 1 – 7LECTURE 1 (JANUARY15)What is the Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation?-The Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation provides information about a child’s articulation ability by sampling spontaneous and imitative sounds. Measures articulationof consonant sounds and determines types of misarticulation.Does the Goldman Fristoe test use single sounds or fluid speech?-Single soundsIs the Goldman Fristoe test a good test?-No, because it deals with elicitation rather than spontaneous speech. Single words and elicitation often get wrong results. Clients also articulate differently when they are using spontaneous speech vs. elicitation. Why is the this test used if it is not good?-The test is easy to administer.What does the Goldman Fristoe assume with consonants?-They occur in the initial, medial and final positions. LECTURE 2 (JANUARY20)What is symmetry of the face?-Symmetry of the face is when both sides of the face are equal.What is mouth breathing?-Mouth breathing is when you don’t breathe through your nose.What can mouth breathing be a sign of?-Nasal congestionHow do we get the child to perform the test?-We don’t tell them what to do, we show them.What is the TMJ?-TMJ is a temporal medial jointIf there is a clicking or popping sound in the jaw, what could be happening?-The jaw could be out of line.What is a prognathic jaw?-A jaw that hasn’t fully developed, and can be indicated by a protruding jaw.What does udentulous mean? -It is a space between the teethWhat are tests to show tongue breath?-Testing whether or not they can hold a straw or use bilabial sounds.What is nasal emission?-Air blown out of the nose while speaking.What should you look for with the tongue?-Too large or small and a groove down the middle.What will happen if the frenum is too short?-The tongue will become heart shaped when the tongue is put out.What is diadcookinesis?-Rapid alternating movements of the tongue. [pa, ta, ka]What is excursion?-The in and out movement of the tongue.What is a nasal snort?-Air escaping the nose while talking. A clinician should shine a flashlight in the mouth and see if there is a glow in the velum, which would be a sub mucous cleft. Should we test the gag reflex?-No, never!When a child says “ah” what should happen?-The uvula should raise a bit and the space beside the uvula should close a little bit.LECTURE 3 (JANUARY 22)To make the child comfortable with the hearing screening, what should be done?-The clinician should screen the mother first to show the child that it will be ok.What colors indicate the right and left ears?-right> red; left > blueWhat level should the screening be done on?-25 dBWhat frequency should we perform the screening on?-1K, 2K, 4K and 500. Test each sound twice then put a check.How is the test administered?-The child should face away, the mother should put the headphones on and then the child should raise their hand if they hear the sound.If they miss a sound, what should the clinician do?-The clinician should make them come back for a 2nd screening, and if they miss the sounds at the 2nd screening then you should refer.Should we ever say the child failed?-No, tell the parent you would like to rescreen. [not a test] False positives are also common when screening. LECTURE 4 (JANUARY 27)What theory is the SMILE procedure based on?-Attachment theory What are the three dimensions of attachment?-Attachment, separation anxiety and stranger anxiety.What is attachment?-Various ways the child shows attachment to the security base.What is the security base?-The person who usually takes care of the child.What is separation anxiety?-Stress that occurs when the security base leaves.What is stranger anxiety?-How the child handles new people.What should the clinician do after the session?-Make a 1-page summary of the client.Where are the toys placed in respect to the child during the SMILE procedure?-2 steps away, so the child will feel comfortable enough to release the security base.If a child still feels stress when they want to get a toy, what will they do?-They will grab a toy and take it to the mother’s feet. They will then lean against the mothers legs and play with the toys. What should the child never do?-Never sneak out on the child.Should a mother prolong leaving or separate from a child quickly? Why?-The mother should separate quickly because the child will recover quickly and won’t lose control over their emotions. [The mother should tell the child when they’re leaving and when they will return. If not the child will penalize their mother]What is parallel play?-Parallel play is the type of play that should be used by the clinician. [if the child is playing with blocks, the clinician should play with blocks]Should you begin talking with the child or the mother? Why?-The mother because it gives the child time to check you out. What is the purpose of the SMILE procedure?-To tune into a pre-school child’s emotions. LECTURE 5 (JANUARY 29)What has speech and hearing sciences been changed to?-Communication DisorderWhat is rational evidence?-Evidence of a philosophical view and theoretical perspective.What is more important empirical or rational evidence?-RationalWhat has the field of communication disorders drifted away from?-ScholarshipWhat has Dr. Muma done about this drift away from scholarship?-Raised questions and presented rational evidence.How many of the theoretical perspectives are the most influential?-5What is the distinction between a pre-grammatical and a grammatical child?-Pre-grammatical does not have SVO.What is the most coherent theory according to Searle?-Constructionism. Searle is also one of the top scholars in philosophy of language.What does therapy need to be?-Theory driven and construct validity.What are the confidence levels?-.05, .01, .001Why doesn’t age count in language?-Ages overlapWhat 3 aspects do not work in language although they are still used?-Age, frequency and test scores.What are two aspects of language that do work?-Repertoire and sequencingAre Dr. Muma’s books critical and controversial?-YesWhat does ASHA stand for?-American Speech and Hearing AssociationWhat did Dr. Muma develop?-SMILE procedureWhat is Dr. Muma’s philosophical view?-ConstructionismWhat is language acquired through?-Cognitive socializationWhat is cognitive socialization based on?-function of language LECTURE 6 (FEBRUARY 3)What is the motivation behind changing the name of our field


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