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IUPUI BIOL 261 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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BIOL 261 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Chapter: 1 – 5What to know for:Chapter 1:- Directional terms- Anatomical regions- Organ system functions- Body planes- Body cavities- Abdominopelvic regionsChapter 2:- Cell component functions- Regulations of exchange- Junction types/functions- The cell cycleChapter 3:- Tissue types- Tissue functions- Tissue locationsChapter 4:- Integument functions- Layers of dermis and epidermis- Cells in regions- Blood supply- Appendage function and location- Glands- Secretion types, location, and productChapter 5:- Cartilage types and location- Vascularity and innervation - Functions- Growth types- Bone function and classification- Gross anatomy- Microscopy structure, function, and location- Chemical compound- Matrix of bone- Bone developmentPractice Questions1. What is the thumb called in anatomical position?2. What is the body called when it is laying in anatomical position on the stomach?3. What is another name for cranial? 4. What is ventral’s opposite anatomical pair?5. What membrane is against the body wall rather than against the organ itself?6. What parts of the body does a transverse plane of sectioning separate?7. What is the function of the mitochondria?8. Does protein synthesis (of the ribosomes) occur in the nucleus itself or in the cytoplasm?9. Is diffusion the movement of concentration from high to low concentration or low to high?10. Is osmosis an active or passive transport?11. What are the four major tissue types?12. Where is dense irregular connective tissue located?13. What are the cells found in adipose tissue?14. What is the most common type of cartilage in the body?15. What type of tissue is blood?16. What is the matrix of blood?17. What are the layers of the epidermis from superficial to deep (thick skin)?18. What layer of the epidermis is thin skin missing?19. What kind of tissue is found in the reticular layer of the dermis?20. What cells does melanin produce?21. What muscle is responsible for hairs standing up on the back of your neck?22. What is the location of sebaceous glands?23. What kind of secretion does the apocrine gland go through?24. What is the space that osteocytes reside in?25. What is the function of osteoblasts?Answer sheet1. Pollux2. Prone3. Cephalic4. Dorsal5. Parietal6. Superior and inferior7. Produce ATP (energy)8. Cytoplasm9. High to low10. Passive11. Epithelial, connective, muscle, neural12. Deep dermis, organ capsules13. Adipocytes14. Hyaline15. Connective16. Plasma17. Stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratum basale18. Stratum lucidum19. Dense irregular connective tissue20. Melanocytes21. Arrector pili muscle22. Hair follicles23. Merocrine secretion24. Lacunae25. To break


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