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PSYC 2606 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture - I. Review of research methods definitions and their pros and consA. experimental, correlational, descriptive, naturalistic observation, survey, case studies, other II. Introducing the self A. individual self, relational self, collective self, socialization agents, reflected self appraisal,working self concept Outline of Current Lecture - I. Overview of the self A. individual self, relational self, collective self, looking glass self, working self concept, trait self esteem, state self esteemII. Important definitions A. independent self construal, interdependent self construal, social comparison theory, self schema, self reference effect, self complexity theory, self esteem Current Lecture - ● Individual Self - traits about yourself ● Relational Self - how you define yourself in relation to somebody else ● Collective Self - based on membership● Looking glass self - your beliefs and how you think other people see you ● Working self concept - when we are in different situation, different traits are brought uptrait self esteem - does not change over time (general stable view) state self esteem - affected by emotional state at the time contingencies of self worth - esteem isbased on succeeding or failing on a domain in our life that we base our self value on● Independent Self-Construal - you see yourself in independent traits ● Interdependent Self-Construal - you see yourself in harmonious group interactions ○ also seen in gender roles ○ boys can be more independent and girls can be more interdependent ● Social Comparison Theory - how we know how to view ourselves is by comparing ourselves to others. Out self construal can be affected by this. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.○ upward comparison - comparing ourselves to people that are above us (can be encouraging or discouraging)○ downward comparison - tending to compare ourselves to people like us but a littlebit worse than us (can boost confidence or can lower effort)● Self Schema - a mental infrastructure that represents our beliefs and views about ourselves in specific areas based on our experience. (ex. I am a terrible athlete but an excellent student)○ recap: a schema is an idea about something already in our heads● Self Reference Effect - information related to yourself is more thoroughly processed and integrated and therefore, more memorable ● Self Complexity Theory - the more complex your view of yourself is, the more preserved it is in the face of adversity ○ seen again in gender bias ● Self Esteem - overall evaluation of yourself ○ generally built as positive or


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