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PSYC 2606 1st Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture - I. Definitions of important terms reviewed A. naturalistic fallacy, correlation, illusory correlation, descriptive research, experimental design, independent variable, dependent variable, standard curveII. Pros and Cons A. correlation, descriptive research, surveyOutline of Currently Lecture - I. Review of research methods definitions and their pros and consA. experimental, correlational, descriptive, naturalistic observation, survey, case studies, other II. Introducing the self A. individual self, relational self, collective self, socialization agents, reflected self appraisal,working self concept Current Lecture - Recapping Research MethodsExperimental Pros : infer causation, high internal validity Cons : difficult because of ethics, low external validity Correlational Pros : predict behavior, starting point for researchCons : cannot infer causation, illusory correlations ● includes naturalistic observation, surveyDescriptive Pros : unusual phenomenon Cons : subject to bias, cannot infer causation ● includes case studies, naturalistic observation, surveyNaturalistic Observation Pros : high external validity Cons : low internal validity Survey Pros : Large sample size Cons : Response Bias Case Studies These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Pro/Con : External and internal validity can be high or lowCons : cannot generalize to populationOther Cons : cannot infer causationThe Self ● Individual Self - beliefs about our own personal traits, talents, things we like or don't like(ex. I am happy)● Relational Self - descriptions of ourselves relating to a specific social circumstance (ex. Iam somebody’s friend)● Collective Self - how you relate to a membership (ex. I am a psychology major)● Socialization Agents - people or situations that shape our behavior as we relate to other people ● Reflected Self Appraisal - “the looking glass phenomenon” - what we think other peoplethink of ourselves will influence how we act ● Working Self Concept - A subset of self knowledge that comes to mind in a certain scenario. In other words, what you think of yourself deping on the situation you are


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