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BU SOC 100B - SOC100B-11Post-ford

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SOC100BPost-industrialism/Post-Fordism (Ch.16 Modernity)Different kind of economy organized around flexible forms of production, in both the technologies used and in the kinds of works expected. - Neo- or post-Fordism shift from a mass to a more pluralistic kind of society.Beyond economic modernity- perceptible shift away from bureaucratization and centralization towards more flexible, less hierarchical modes of economic organization may well signify a movement beyond economic modernityDirection of economic change: It is possible to confuse short-term changes for those of a more long-term, substantial nature. - Economies are always in state of change, but less often transforming radically.Pre-industrial phase dominated by agriculture, industrial phase dominated by manufacturing, and post-industrial phase dominated by services. For example, today US, Japan, and all major European economies have more than half their workforce in the service sector. Dynamic force of post-industrial society is the pursuit of knowledge and information.Instead of working on things, people work with other people to deliver a service, which for some provides a more rewarding and interesting form of work. [decrease of anomie]Daniel Bell- theory of value:- “knowledge has replaced labor as the source of value which yields future profits.”Manuel Castells- - identifies the dynamic of the coming society as the role of knowledge and the useof information, not the predominance of any one particular sector of an economyAndre Gorz- Farewell to the Working Class (1982):- new technologies are altering the structure of employment, leading to a social division between an “aristocracy” of secure, well-paid workers and a growing mass of unemployed [the “servile” class]Limits of Fordism- inability of mass production methods to realize further productivity gains within manufacturing, as well as limited applicability to areas of the economy suchas servicesPeriods of growth and decline in advanced economies are understood through two key concepts:1. Regime of accumulation- periods of growth characterized by whatever it is that ensures a compatibility between what is produced and what is consumed in an economy2. Mode of regulation- functions as a support framework for growth regimesPost-Fordism- flexible forms of economic organization and production, along with a more pluralistic set of lifestyles; signifies a qualitative shift in the organization of production and consumption, as well as a break in the mode of regulation.- recognizes job deskilling but also sees new technologies as creating opportunities for enskilling and reskilling- represents a qualitatively new economic direction, a step beyond FordismNeo-Fordism- flexibility in the ability to switch from mass production to small-batch production - implication that a greater decentralization of production is possible- tend to associate the new technologies with job deskilling and an increased centralization of managerial control- represents an adjustment to the problems of Fordism, and extended FordismWhat we need to know is whether the sequence of connections drawn by Bell and others is correct, how widespread are the changes, and the geographical scope of the developments.Periodization of change provides a temporal yardstick by which we can gauge the length and form of any transition and also offers a further check on the range of trends which suggest a potential economic direction.Post-industrialism and Neo/Post-Fordism intersect in that there is a more knowledge and development of new technologies, a tendency towards greater economic and socialinequality, and increased globalization.Trade in other parts of world critique Europe’s


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