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PSYCH 150 1st Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I. intern’s syndroma. what is abnormalII. diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disroders (DSM-5)a. problems w/ DSM-5b. categories of mental disordersIII. anxiety disordersa. phobiasb. generalized anxiety disorderc. panic disorderIV. obsessive compulsive and related disordersV. trauma and stressor related disordersVI. cause of anxiety disordersa. biological factorsb. psychological factorsVII. mood disordersa. depressionb. bipolarc. causes of mood disordersVIII.Outline of Current Lecture II. Causes of mood disorders:biologicalIII. Causes of psychological and socialIV. Suicide factsV. Dissociative disordersa. Dissociative amnesiab. Depersonalization-derealization disorderVI. Dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder)VII. Schizophreniaa. Positive symptomsb. Negative symptomsc. CausesVIII. Gender dysphoriaIX. Personality disordersa. Categories of personality disorders (A,B,C)These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Current Lecture- Causes of mood disorders: biologicalo Geneticso Imbalances in the brain’s neurotransmitter Depression Mania- Causes of mood disorders: psychological and socialo How one thinks about stressors can affect likelihood of mood disorders Learned helplessness Beck’s cognitive theory of depressiono Suicide attempts greater in females, however suicide deaths are greater in males- Suicide factso 10-14% of those who attempt suicide will eventually succeed in a later attempto Suicide rates are highest among the elderlyo most suicidal people leave clues of their intentions- dissociative disorderso Dissociative amnesia: loss of (usually personal) memory due to psychological causeso Depersonalization- Derealization Disorder: experiences of feeling detached from themselves or that world around them feels unreal- Dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality disorder)o Two or more distinct identities or personality states- Schizophreniao Positive symptoms: symptoms found in schizophrenicso Negative symptoms: normal behaviors that are absent in schizophrenics- Positive symptomso Hallucinations (auditory)o Delusions o Speed disturbances o Disorganized behavior (silliness, weird motor behaviors)o Inappropriate affect (emotional responses that are inappropriate for the circumstances, such as crying at comedy shows)- Negative symptomso Social withdrawl, limited speech and action, poor hygiene, apathyo Flat affect (no emotional response at all)- Causes of schizophreniao Brain abnormalitieso Excessive dopamine activityo Stress- Brain abnormalities in schizophrenicso Low frontal lobe activityo Undersize hippocampus, amygdala, or thalamuso Larger than normal ventricleso Rule of thirds: 1/3 complelty recover 1/3 recover if drugs continued 1/3 never recover- gender dysphoriao problems accepting one’s identity as male or femaleo person may seek gender reassignment surgery- personality disorderso enduring pattern of experience and behavior that differs greatly from the expectations of the individuals cultureo inflexible and pervasive across persona/social situationso leads to clinically significant distress or impairmento stable and long duration (adolescent or early adulthood onset)o Categories of personality disorers A (odd eccentric)= paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal- Schizoid= detachment from social relationships and restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings- Schizotypal= social deficits with acute discomfort and reduced capacity for close relationships and cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior B(dramatic, erratic)= histrionic, narcissistic, boerderline antisocial C (fearful, anxious)= avoidant, dependent,


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