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ISU SOA 112 - The Destruction of Natives

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SOA 112 1nd Edition Lecture 9Outline of Last Lecture I. Why people left for the New WorldII. Early 1600, North AmericaA. Family’s Source of PowerB. Men’s RoleC. Value of ReligionOutline of Current Lecture I. What was happening?II. Native American FamilyIII. Native Americans todayIV. Cultural differenceV. Family structure differencesVI. Problem with Natives and colonist VII. White settlers effects nativesVIII. Disease transfersCurrent LectureWhat was happening?- Large population growth- Increasing diversity (different groups from Europe)- Mobile money making (stores, bars, prostitution, entertainment)- Preoccupation w/ wealth and fortune hunters- Increased tension between New World settlers and England as the American Revolution neared Native American Families:These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Over 40 different American Indian tribes- Tribes broken into clans- In 1600s, population between 85,000- 2,000,000- Estimated 240 different groups/ tribes of people—all different language cultures, family structure, etc. - Each had its own economy and way of life Native Americans today: - The U.S. government recognizes 500 Indian tribes, most of which have reservations west of the Mississippi river Cultural differences: - White settlers didn’t accept differences: religious beliefs, communal living, polygamy,sexuality, divorce- Family groups determined marriage and political standing—not based on traditionalPatriarchal system of White settles- Many families were matriarchal in powerFamily differences in Native Americans:- Smaller families (higher life expectancy, nursed their own children)- Children were valued members of tribe, physical punishment rare- Education and skills were taught by parents and extended family- Children’s play resembled adult work (but children were allowed to play)Problems between Natives and colonist:- Racism- Land ownership- Wealth/ greed- Disease- Religion/ cultureWhite Settlers effects on natives:- Religious transformation: horses, firearm, metal, alcohol, assimilation - Large population decline- disease, war, by 1670 10% of New England Native Americanssurvived - By 1700’s, California had the largest population of Native Americans - California= too westDisease Transfer:- The spread of disease from one place to another - Columbia exchange- Disease effect active- Native population from 12 million to 237,000 because of small


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