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UConn DRAM 1101 - Script Analysis

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DRAM 1101 1st Edition Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture I. What is a play?II. How is dramatic action organized?a. Chronologically b. NonlinearIII. Ways to understand playsa. According to structurei. Western literature structureii. Aristotelian structureb. According to genrei. Tragediesii. ComediesIV. Dramaturgya. Vertical axisb. Horizontal axisOutline of Current Lecture I. Beginningsa. Central characters, foreshadowing, tone, style, design, world of the play, plot, and the major dramatic questionII. Climactic structureIII. ThemesIV. EndingsCurrent LectureI. “Every play teaches its audience how to watch as they watch it”-Jeffrey Hatchera. Imagine a written play on stageb. Plays are meant to be performed so while reading a play, envision what it might look andsound like on stagec. Read the script out loudi. What is the pace, rhythm, and vocabulary?These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.ii. Is it colloquial or elevated diction?iii. Are there accents?II. Beginningsa. “Plant the seeds for what is yet to come”b. Beginnings of plays provide cues to the audience as to what its conventions are and how to perceive the performancec. Introduce the following components within the first few minutes: i. Central characters1. Who are they? How many are there?ii. Foreshadowing of dramatic action1. What is the plat? What do the characters want? What is standing in their way?iii. Toneiv. Style1. Is the world that the play is set in realistic? Or is it stylized?v. Design1. The set, sound, lighting, and costume design vi. World of the play1. The given circumstances2. Locationa. Inside of outside? Confined or open space? Urban, suburban, remote, rural, or pastoral? 3. Lightinga. Bright or dark?4. Season5. Real or embellished?a. There is inevitably some degree of stylization even in a play that takes place in a realistic world—necessarily a heightened versionof reality6. Spacea. Public or private7. Economic statusa. Does it take place in an environment of leisure or labor?8. Dynamics of powera. Gives us a sense of whose needs are being met and whose are being deniedi. At the core of every play is what a character wants and that inevitably comes down to power—does he have the power to achieve what he wants and if not, who does?b. Where do shifts of power happen?c. Ultimately, what disrupts this world?vii. Plot1. Journey through the main character’s life from the point where we realize what he wants to the point where he either gets it or does not viii. The major Dramatic Question1. Will X get Y2. Identify the protagonista. The character who is at the center of the action and whose actions have the most impact on the plot3. Identify what they want and what obstacles stand in their way4. Want + effort +obstacles/conflict = dramatic actionIII. Climactic structurea. Exposition, introduction to the conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, resolutionIV. Thought/Themes/Ideasa. Emerges from its actionb. The theme is the sum of all conflict and their reciprocal actionsc. It is inherently reductive to boil a long play down to one themeV. Endingsa. Where has the play taken its characters and where has the play taken its audience?b. How has the world of the play changed?i. Are there new relationships, understandings, orders?c. It is useful to compare the way things ended with the state in which they


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