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U of U POLS 1100 - Civil Rights

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POLS 1100 1st Edition Lecture 6Civil Rights Acts of 19601. Protection of voting rightsa. Participation in juries2. Outlaweda. White primaryi. Only whites were allowed to vote in primariesii. Making the primary the general election as the Democratic party were the only ones that were in officeb. Racial gerrymanderingi. Create districts of majority whites and less blacksb. Poll taxc. Registration requirementsd. Literacy testse. Intimidationi. Police officers, attack dogs at the poll lines Civil Rights Act of 19641. Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin by federal and state governments as well as in some public places2. Foundationsa. Federal government's regulation of interstate commerceb. 14th amendment to constitution Affirmative Action1. De facto v. De jure discrimination2. Constitution is colorblind, life in US is not (justification)a. Arguments fori. Compensate for past injusticeii. Help disadvantaged groups catch upiii. Personal contact reduces discriminationiv. Promotes inclusivenessb. Arguments againsti. Redistribution does not treat all equallyii. Punish present generation for past wrongsiii. Constitution focuses on individual rights, not group rights Legal Cases1. University of California v. Bakkea. Ruled quotas are illegalb. Race can be considered2. Gratz v. BollingerThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.a. Struck down UM's point systemi. Cannot have points given to you for being a minority2. Grutter v. Bollingera. Upheld preference for minority candidates for UM law schooli. Stated that after all points are met, you can use someone's race as a factor in admitting to school Women's Rights1. Suffragea. Seneca Falls Convention, 1848i. Increased rights for womanii. Right to vote (1920)b. Muller v. Oregonc. 19th Amendment2. Equal Rights Amendmenta. Proposed in 1972b. 1973 Row v. Wade Women's Rights Continued1. Equal Pay Acta. Equal Pay Day: April 142. Title IX-bans gender discrimination based on funding, every program gets equal findinga. Discrimination in education practices and hiringb. Athletic programs in particularc. Pregnant students LGBT Rights1. Don't Ask, Don't Tell2. Same-sex marriagea. 35 states (and DC), including Utahb. Most through lawsuitsc. 12 through legislation2. Employment Non-Discrimination Acta. No anti-discrimination law in 29 states for sexual orientation, 32 for gender identityi. In 29 states you can be fired for being gay a. Civil liberties are what individuals getb. Civil rights are an


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