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NDSU HDFS 330 - Importance of Play in Early Childhood

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HDFS 330 1st Edition Lecture 6- Preoperational Stage- Piageto Ages 2-7 yearso Increased use of representational or symbolic thoughto Use of words and pictures rather that actions to understand surroundings (p. 314)o Key to cognitive change: sensory motor activityo Ex: Children of this stage understand that if they see a picture of an apple they understand it to be a representation, they don’t try to eat it (Picture is just a symbol)- Make-Believe Playo Make Believe, pretend Practice and strengthen new representational thoughto Changes Detachment- Child detaches objects from real-life associations- Only for pretending- See the object for what it is in real life- Copy what they see adults doing with these objects Less self centered- child begins to focus make-believe on other people or objects- See how other people will pretend- May feed other people or other toys Sociodramatic play- Combination of schemes- Late preschool years Huge shift in cognitive development starts with pretend playo Benefits Enhances social and cognitive skills Engage in longer period of play- increased:- Attention- Memory- Language and Literacy- Imagination and Creativity- Emotional regulation- Perspective taking- Social skillso Encourage Pretend Play (p.320) Materials and Space Encourage play Understanding adults Experiences Assist in Problem Solvingo Dual Representation Understanding that something can be both a symbol and an objectThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute. Develops around 3 years old Ex: Setting up furniture in doll house like it is set up at home- Seeing as a dollhouse but also as home See’s the object has dual purpose- Ex: Cup is cup and also a hato Pre-operational Limits Egocentrism- Cannot see things from somebody else’s point of view- Assume others see or feel the same Ex: Piaget’s point of view video Animistic thinking (animism)- Belief that inanimate objects have life like qualitieso Preoperational Limits Conservation (Inability)- Basic quantity or physical characteristic remains the same when outward appearance chances- Weight, Volume, Mass Concentration- Focus on one attribute or aspect of an object or situation rather tan whole- Miss other important factors- Decentration- ability to see multiple attributes or aspects of objects and situations Irreversibility- Inability to think through series of steps and reverse to the beginning Hierarchical Classification- Organize into classes and subclasses based on an attribute- Ex: Class Inclusive


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