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EPSY 2130 1st Edition Lecture 10 Outline of Last Lecture I. RecessII. Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentIII. Gilligan’s Stages of the Ethic of CareIV. Influences on Moral Behavior V. Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological ModelVI. Social Context for DevelopmentOutline of Current Lecture VII. Your 4 selvesVIII. Erik EriksonIX. Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial DevelopmentX. Self-Concept vs. Self-EsteemCurrent LectureYour 4 Selves:-Public Self (or me) – that others can see-Private Self (or I) – has an inner, reflective (thinking) character not available to others-Looking-Glass self- a child’s self concept is largely determined by the ways other people respond to them-Ideal Self- what person would most like to be likeErik Erikson:-Personality development-Worked with Freud-thought personality was influenced by more than sexuality-added lifespan component-Based on personal experience, focus on identityErikson’s Stages Psychosocial Development:-8 periods characterize the course of personal and emotional development-Developmental Crisis: conflict between a positive and potentially unhealthy alternative These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Conflict Age Main Task DescriptionTrust vs. Mistrust 0-1.5 years FeedingMust form loving relationship with caregiveror develop a sense of mistrust“Can I trust others?”Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt1.5-3 years Toilet TrainingDevelopment of physical skills, child learns control but will develop shame if not handled well. “Can I control myself?”Initiative vs. Guilt 3-6 years IndependenceBecomes assertive and takes more initiative but may be too forceful leading to guilt“Am I good?”Industry vs. Inferiority 6-12 years SchoolMust deal with demands to learn new skills or risk sense of inferiority and failure“Am I capable?”Identity vs. Role ConfusionTeen years Peer relationshipsMust achieve identity in occupation, gender roles, politics, religion, etc.“Who shall I become?”Intimacy vs. Isolation Young Adult Love relationshipsMust develop intimate relationships or suffer feelings of isolation“Can I love/be loved?”Generativity vs. IsolationMiddle Adult Parenting/MentoringEach adult must find someway to support the nextgeneration“Am I productive/useful toothers?Ego Integrity vs. DespairLate Adult Reflection on and acceptance of one’s lifeSense of acceptance of oneself and sense of fulfillment“Was my life worthwhile?”Self-Concept vs. Self-Esteem:Self-Concept: cognitive; individual knowledge/beliefs about themselves, their ideas, feelings, attitudes, and expectationsSelf-Esteem: based on emotion; value we place on our own characteristics, abilities, and


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