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UT Knoxville FWF 250 - History of Conservation: People (cont.)

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FWF 250 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I. Billy Minser’s Funding and Budgeting for Conservation AgenciesA. Tennessee FundingsB. TN Conservation Funding InitiativeC. Bottom LineOutline of Current Lecture I. History of Conservation: People (continued)A. J.N. “Ding” DarlingB. Hugh Hammond BennettC. Rachel CarsonCurrent Lecture History of Conservation: People- J.N. “Ding” Darling (1876-1962)o He was an advocate for the wise use of natural resources and for the protection of wildlife.o His passion was drawing editorial cartoons to advocate conservation.o He talked about soil erosion.o In 1930, he said, “So go ducks, so goes man” because of loss of nesting grounds.o Ding was the chief of the Biological Survey, which turned into the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940.o He thought human population growth was a threat to the planet.o Ding Darling is considered “The Father of the Federal Duck Stamp Program.” Dingcame up with this idea on March 16, 1934; he was the artist for the first stamp, which was $1. They are now around $15. FDR signed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act.o Ding Darling was the founder of the National Wildlife Federation.o He was also the creator of the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Program of 1935. The three objectives of this program are as follows: education, research, and technical assistance.- Hugh Hammond Bennett (1881-1960)o He was from North Carolina and was a soil scientist. Bennett did soil mapping.These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is bestused as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o He was considered “The Father of Soil Conservation.”o In 1931, Bennett started the United States Soil Erosion Service. Today, this federalagency is called Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). The mission of the NRCS is helping people help the land.- Rachel Carson (1907-1964)o Carson was a marine biologist and a nature writer.o Her most famous book is Silent Spring, which was about the pesticide DDT. DDT would not break down and would stay in the animals who came in contact with it. The population of bald eagles and falcons decreased dramatically. Their egg shells were very thin and would crack easily; therefore, they could not reproduce.o Her actions helped to create the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) in 1970.o Carson’s writings launched the global environment movement.These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a


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