Chapter 8 Cities of Sub-Saharan Africa (26 pages)

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Chapter 8 Cities of Sub-Saharan Africa



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Chapter 8 Cities of Sub-Saharan Africa

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Pages:
26
School:
Wright State University
Course:
Urs 2000 - Growth and Change in Urban Society

Unformatted text preview:

Cities of Sub Saharan Africa Chapter 8 kinshasa jpg 245 x 340 pixels 42k www refugeelawcenter org rlc congodrc htm Sub Saharan Africa Key Urban Facts Total Population 980 Million Percent Urban Population 41 9 Total Urban Population 411 Million Most Urbanized Country Gabon 86 0 Least Urbanized Country Burundi 11 of Cities over 1 Million 43 of Megacities 1 Lagos Three Largest Cities Lagos Kinshasa Khartoum World Cities Johannesburg Key Themes One of least urbanized areas Rich urban tradition But rapid urbanization Ancient civilizations Colonial impacts critical varied Overwhelming focus on primate cities South Africa is the exception http web mit edu urbanupgrading upgr ading case examples overviewafrica images housing landfill jpg Key Themes Varied forms of internal land use Little resemblance to Western models Cities disorganized and dysfunctional Lagos Nigeria Luanda Angola http web mit edu 17 577 www images lagos jpg Indigenous Historic Cities Nile Valley Black Kush Kingdom Menro Nubia Ethiopian Plateau Axum Adulis Indigenous Historic Cities West African Sahel Medieval Trading Empires Timbuktu Gao Djenne Supplying goods the Maghreb Islam from the Maghreb Djenne Mali Indigenous Historic Cities West African Forest Central Africa Ashanti Kingdom Ibadan Ife Nigeria Kongo Southeast Great Zimbabwe Bulawayo Most ancient cities lost influence but some transformed into major metropolises Ruins of Great Zimbabwe Medieval Trade Centers Coastal trade centers on Red Sea and Indian Ocean Extensive trade with Arabs and Persians Interior cities influenced by expansion of Islam Stone Town Zanzibar in modern day Tanzania Pre Colonial Urban Development Intermittent coastal contact by Europeans Portuguese first town of St Louis in W Africa 1445 Cities grew with trade in rubber ivory hides slaves Triangular Trade Elmina Castle Ghana Urbanization in Colonial Times Witless irresponsible scramble by European states to partition Africa Cities varied by specific European powers Major



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