Chapter 1 World Urban Development (34 pages)

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Chapter 1 World Urban Development



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Chapter 1 World Urban Development

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Pages:
34
School:
Wright State University
Course:
Urs 2000 - Growth and Change in Urban Society

Unformatted text preview:

World Urban Development Growth and Change in Urban Societies Dayton Ohio Urban Development Themes Over 50 of the world s population now live in cities We can now say that the world is urbanized Along with globalization the most critical trend in the world is rapid urbanization the movement of people into cities Increasingly people are moving to megacities which are growing into enormous urban agglomerations The largest cities in the world are increasingly in the less developed countries of the world LDC s Definitions of city are changing If we think of a city as an economic unit we must include not only suburbs but also the urban fringe areas which draw in commuters each day In fact as countries become more urbanized it is becoming more and more difficult to distinguish where one metropolitan area ends and another begins We need a new vocabulary for this age of conurbations megalopolises and even megalopolitan regions What is a city Concepts and Definitions Urban place Another word for city Definition varies by country Municipality Legally defined city Urbanized area Central city plus suburbs Metropolitan area or metropolis Urbanized area plus commuting zone Country Population Minimum Sweden and Denmark 200 South Africa 500 Australia 1 000 France and Argentina 2 000 U S 2 500 Ghana and Belgium 5 000 Spain 10 000 Japan 30 000 Some population defined urban places What is a city A few more terms Millionaire City Megacity Capital City Colonial City Socialist City New Planned City Sao Paolo Brazil Megacity Source www bullfrogfilms com What is a city And a few more Megalopolis Conurbation Megalopolitan Regions Megalopolis and conurbations in US Canada Origins of Cities Cities as citadels Cities as centers of exchange Preconditions for city development Food supply Technology innovations Social organization and power Cities of Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Source David Kaplan etal Urban Geography John Wiley Sons Inc 2008 Origins of Cities Theories of Urban Origin



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