UGA GEOL 4220 - Final Exam Study Guide (38 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Pages:
38
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Georgia
Course:
Geol 4220 - Hydrogeology
Hydrogeology Documents

Unformatted text preview:

GEOL 4220 Final Exam Study Guide Lecture 1 Climate and Precipitation 1 Wind a Coriolis effect bends the direction of the wind i On the earth the effect tends to deflect moving objects to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern and is important in the formation of cyclonic weather systems b Doldrums air rising from the equator that moves north c Westerlies if you face the west the wind is blowing at you i Not the direction of the wind per say d Winds take form temperature humidity of the land they are passing over 2 Snow a Snow forms to climate as well as winds i Snow can be dry wet etc 3 Storms a Convectional warm air rising cool air falling i Creates thunderstorms b Frontal cold air going over warm air OR warm air going under cold air i Can tell difference by the types of clouds 1 Warm air over cold air creates storms and come quickly resulting in increased precipitation c Orographic masses of air pushed up by wind are forced up the side of mountains i Think sea to mountain storms Moist air on sea side dry air on land side of mountain ii Create rain shadows d Base of mountains have half the rainfall then top of mountains e What is the phenomena where air is lifted i Orographic effect 4 Humidity a There is 100 humidity if the maximum amount of water is held in the atmosphere i In GA humidity is almost always 100 creating dew b As air warms humidity decreases because warm air can hold more water 5 Precipitation a How much do we measure precipitation i Depends on the type of measuring source used Can be measured daily and hourly b What is a storm i A storm forms in response to an extreme difference in air pressure driven by the movement of warm and cold air c How much can it really rain i Extreme rainfall can occur but is often an outlier to the average annual precipitation d What is meant by a 100 year storm i Find max rainfall for each storm on an annual basis Rank the biggest storms based on probability biggest has 1 100 Find the return



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