CSU PSY 320 - Final Exam Study Guide (6 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Study Guide
Colorado State University- Fort Collins
Psy 320 - Abnormal Psychology
Abnormal Psychology Documents
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PSY 320 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Know the following terms and individuals Anorexia nervosa Restriction of food fear of gaining weight lack of recognition about the seriousness of current body image Distorted body image Treatment weight gain and therapy Risk Factors Dieting anxious person perfectionist cultural death of a loved one of someone close sexual abuse Bulimia nervosa Periods of overeating in which the person feels out of control often eating 2 00 calories in one sitting then purging by vomiting laxatives or others forms to rid the food then a psychological period revolving around their body image must occur once a week for 3 months CBT is the best known treatment Risk factors When women more commonly however sometimes can happen with men see themselves as overweight and begin dieting Binge eating disorder Consumption of large amounts of food and the sense that one cannot control themselves can eat as much as 10 000 calories Must have 3 of the following 1 Eating much more rapidly 2 Eating until uncomfortably full 3 Eating large amounts of food without being physically hungry 4 Eating alone because one is embarrassed by how much they eat 5 Feeling disgusted depressed or guilty after eating Runs in families usually happens with people that are already obese Pica A feeding disorder in which the person eats something that wouldn t normally be considered food Examples clay cornstarch coffee grinds paint chips paste etc Sometimes linked to OCD Must last longer than a month Orthorexia Nervosa definition Extreme preoccupation with avoiding foods perceived to be unhealthy Not listed in the DSM 5 Obesity trends risk factors risks In present society it has a lot to do with the abundance of food and lack of exercise Risks Cultural the cultural food is higher in calories and the location is not as accessible to biking or other exercise or it is dangerous to exercise outside and cannot afford gym membership Genetic Factors Distribution of fat obesity at young age Psychological Low self esteem need for comfort Risks depression diabetes heart disease stroke sleep apnea some forms of cancer Borderline personality Disorder Cluster B An instability of mood interpersonal relationships and a sense of self They experience a changing world without a solid sense of who they are Antisocial Personality Disorder Cluster B Continues acts since the age of 15 Repeated participation in illegal acts deceitfulness impulsiveness hostility and aggression committing dangerous acts absence of remorse Avoidant Personality Disorder Cluster C Pervasive pattern of social inhibition feelings of inadequacy hypersensitivity to negative evaluation avoid social interaction especially with close relationships Key feature is the fear of being criticized or evaluated Dependent Personality Disorder Cluster C Clinging and being submissive difficulty making their own decisions without reassurance from others This leaves them in a position where they feel the need to constantly be with another person Leaves them anxious and helpless when alone Narcissistic Personality Disorder Cluster B Pervasive pattern of grandiosity need for admiration sense of privilege and entitlement lack of empathy They often think about how special they are and that they will succeed in everything such as business love etc They also make unreasonable demands and ignore others experiences and needs Paranoid Personality Disorder Cluster A Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness Interpersonal style of the individual is quarrelsome stubborn and rigid in their own belief with creates a selffulfilling prophecy Schizoid Personality Disorder Cluster A Detachment from social relationships with close individuals and a restricted range of emotional expression Traditionally loners and others consider them unavailable aloof and detached Schizotypal Personality Disorder Cluster A Odd Beliefs and behaviors An individual may show excessive social anxiety and unusual ideas Psychopathy Showing emotional detachment with a lack of empathy for others showing impulsive behaviors and a callousness concerning their actions Dialectical Behavior Therapy One of the first researched treatments for borderline personality disorder discovered by Marsha Linehan It is a blend of behavioral science dialect philosophy and Zen practice IT is based on problem solving and acceptance to the experience to the movement Milton Diamond Professor who researched human sexuality inter sexual and transsexual diagnoses William H Masters and Virginia E Johnson 1960 s began laboratory testing of human sexual response by observing couples They measure the changes in male and female responsiveness during arousal and sex They also studied clinical populations to help treat sexual and reproductive problems Wrote 3 books Human Sexual Response Human Sexuality inadequacy and Homosexuality in Perspective The Kinsey Institute Alfred Kinsey zoologist wrote 2 books Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female 1947 Institute of Sex Reseasrch at Indiana University Later became named the Kinsey Institute Six outlets of sexual orgasm masturbation petting nocturnal dreams heterosexual coitus homosexual behaviors and bestiality Normal human sexual response functioning Four Phases 1 Excitement 2 Plateau 3 Orgasm 4 Resolution Outside of the laboratory the initial phase would be desire Can be described in a variety of levels Blood flow vascongestion or muscle tension myotonia Normal variations in sexual arousal Arousal has traditionally been seen as a general term in relation to central nervous system activity Transgender Individuals who have the anatomy of one sex and the gender identity of the other Transsexual If a transgendered individual has sought medical intervention such as hormone treatment and sexual reassignment surgery to change their body into the opposite sex Gender dysphoria The situation here individuals feel that they are in the wrong body they may have been born as a male in terms of anatomy but internally they feel like a female The opposite is less likely Conversion therapy a range of treatments that aim to change sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual recently pseudo scientific and a large source of controversy Fetishistic disorder An erotic fixation on an object or body part that is not sexual in nature and that last more than 6 months must cause distress or impairment of functioning Frotteuristic disorder The condition in which an individual

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