ECU SOCI 1010 - Final Exam Study Guide (12 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Review from earlier in semester + notes since test 3

Study Guide
East Carolina University
Soci 1010 - Race, Gender, Class
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SOCI 1010 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Previously tested material Terms to know Personal trouble private attributing a problem to the person example unemployment laziness not following policies etc public issue public attributing a problem to something outside the person example unemploymentbudget cuts etc race system of socially created categories based upon superficially biologically transmitted characteristics i Example skin color hair texture eye shape nose shape Ethnicity Socially created by cultural heritage ii Example religion food traditions not physical minority group category of people distinguished by physical or cultural traits who are socially disadvantaged dominant group racial or ethnic category that is socially advantaged prejudice a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people individual discrimination the differential treatment of one person by another institutional discrimination when discrimination permeates some institution or pattern of society white dominant privilege sex physical characteristics ex penis vagina chromosomes testosterone levels etc gender socially created differences between men and women ex hairstyle clothing cosmetics style of earrings etc sexual orientation having to do with sexual emotional and romantic attractions not the same as gender often mistaken for a cue gender identity who am i has nothing to do with society Who you see yourself as May or may not match your sex intersexual those born with ambiguous or unclear genitalia What is sociology i Sociology is both an academic discipline and a unique perspective through which to view the world It s not about what sociologists study but how they study it What are the three characteristics of sociology as an academic discipline i Human behaviors and interactions ii Patterns of behavior 1 Once behavior becomes patterns it shapes society iii Focuses on categories of people 2 Looking at how experiences vary by category What is the sociological imagination perspective i A level of self consciousness and awareness of the relationship between personal experience and society How are society and the individual connected You should be able to explain what makes each of the readings on the study guide sociological i Society and the individual are inter connected There is a reciprocal relationship between the two Society affects the individual but individuals contribute to what society is What makes sociology threatening according to the article Who s Afraid of Sociology In other words why are people afraid of sociology i Inconvenient facts ii Somethings what you find is not the same as what you have always believed to be true or what you want to believe What five factors make up a person s class 1 Income money that comes in or is earned within a year salary wages child support disability etc 2 Wealth more uneven than income accumulates over generations 3 Occupational Prestige people more willing to share what they do based on their status actual scales on prestige of job an occupation may be high in prestige but low in income 4 Education degrees earned not years of education 5 Power ability to be able to influence someone s behavior or get someone to do something they wouldn t normally do How are income and wealth distributed in the United States What are the links between housing policy both past and present and the acquisition of wealth among white and black Americans according to the film The House We Live In and the article Race Homeownership Wealth The housing policy effected the acquisition of wealth in the past as well as in the present Past After 1930s the Federal Housing Administration created affordable ways for people to have housing They made it so that you would put down 10 20 and the bank financed 80 of it over 10 year at relatively low rates A suburbia called Levittown was created out of a potato farm Whereas apartments were very expensive monthly 100 month mortgage payments in Levittown were about 65 month Levittown quickly filled with all white residents FHA underwriters warned that the presence of even just 1 or 2 non white families in an all white neighborhood could undermine real estate values in the new suburbs these government guidelines were widely adopted The government evaluated different parts of city and rated them An all white neighborhood would be labeled green minority neighborhoods were redlined Banks would give most loans were to white neighborhoods Because they were red lined non whites were unable to get a loan form the bank Most blacks and other minorities had to depend on public housing After 1968 After 1968 red lining was no longer legal Non whites began to move into mostly white neighborhoods Within two years it was predominantly black Blockbusting real estate agents would scare white people out of the homes by saying that they would lose value on their home because of the black neighbors the real estate agents would then sell the homes to nonwhites for an inflated price Majority of Americans hold most of their wealth in home equity Obviously in the 1930s blacks and other minorities were denied loans and therefore were unable to own a home Because they could not have this home equity it was harder for them to acquire wealth This was passed on from generation to generation and still effects and acquisition of wealth between whites and blacks today Even when making the same income whites have 2x the wealth of a black family This is the legacy of racial inequality in the housing policy You need to be able to explain Lorber s theory of gender socialization found in The Social Construction of Gender including the four steps of socialization 1 assigned to a category genitalia assigned by doctor 2 gender made visible gender markers bows clothes colors names 3 treated differently by others based on category which has been made available by gender markers 4 take on different roles responsibilities women clean dishes men open doors etc What does Hill Collins mean by the term interlocking dimensions of oppression Wants people to look at race gender and social class as always there Experiences are shaped by all factors even if one is more salient or visible Why is viewing race gender and social class as either or categories problematic 1 It simplifies people experiences as oppressed oppressor People are combinations of privileges and disadvantages Experiences are based on all dimensions at the same time 2 Leads to ranking disadvantage role

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