Mizzou HIST 1100 - American Journey- Chapter One (7 pages)

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American Journey- Chapter One



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American Journey- Chapter One

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Pages:
7
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Hist 1100 - Survey of American History to 1865

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American Journey Chapter 1 1 1 Native American Societies before 1492 Columbus landed on a tiny Caribbean island in 1492 o 70 million people lived on north and south America Hunters Harvesters and Traders Earliest Americans hunted mammoths bison and other large animals Efficient tools led to over hunting spear points Over hunting along with climate change led to extinction of many large animals 8000bce 1500bce Native populations increased o Men did hunting and fishing o Women stayed at home harvesting and preparing wild plant foods along with taking care of children o Developed complex networks of trade marriage partners laborers ideas and religions practices The Development of Agriculture Social Changes followed behind agriculture development Farming supplied a more secure food supply than hunting Women s status grew due to their farming abilities Diversity in culture areas developed due to farming o Geographical regions inhabited by peoples who share similar basic patterns of subsistence and social organizations Nonfarming Societies Agriculture was impossible in environment of arctic and subarctic Inuit s and Aleuts moved each season to fish and hunt whales seals and other large sea animals In the brief summers they would collect berries Northwest Coast Densely populated and abundant natural resources o No farming o Local rivers and forests supplied fish game and edible plants Farther South present day Cali hunter gathers lived in smaller villages o Indians gathered acorns o Warm and dry climate Mesoamerican Civilizations Central Mexico to Central America Birth place of agriculture in North America 1200bce complex literate urban cultures emerged Olmec s 1200bce 400bce Mexico s gulf coast o Built cities with large pyramids o Developed religious practices with human sacrifices o Devised calendar and writing systems Mayans o 150 900 CE o Southern Yucatan o Influenced Mesoamerica through trade and conquest Aztecs o 1100 1520 CE o Warrior people who dominated the Valley



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