Mizzou HIST 1100 - American Journey Chapter Two (3 pages)

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American Journey Chapter Two



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American Journey Chapter Two

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Pages:
3
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Hist 1100 - Survey of American History to 1865

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American Journey Chapter 2 Transplantation and Adaptation 1600 1685 Richard Frethorne went across Atlantic to find new colony of Virginia o Ended up finding sickness and starvation o Under contract to work for Virginia Company Colonization offered opportunities for advancement o Frequently led to sickness suffering and danger Virginia was England s first permanent colony o Frethorne thought in 1623 it was a teetering on the brink of disaster 2 1 The French in North America King Henry IV restored civil order in France after religious warfare between Catholics and Protestants interrupted Frances efforts to establish foothold in North America The Quest for Furs and Converts Furs joined fish as a source of wealth and a reason for French Explorers and entrepreneurs to establish the colony of North France 1608 Samuel de Champlain led an expedition up the St Lawrence River to find permanent settlement in Quebec o Eventually joined with Trois Rivieres 1634 and Montreal 1642 Fur trade was a partnership between Europeans and Indians o Led to marital ties as French traders took Indian wives o Happened mainly among Coureurs de Bois Wood Runners Independent fur traders in New France 1630 s Members of Catholic religious order Jesuit Missionaries tried to convince Indians to come to the French settlements to hear Christian preaching s o This tactic failed Jesuits traveled to native villages and learned native languages bringing Christianity directly to them The Development of New France Indentured Servants An individual usually male but occasionally femalewho contracted to serve a master for a period of four to seven years in return for payment the servants passage to America Indentured servitude was the primary labor system in the Chesapeake colonies for most of the seventeenth century 1670 French traders and missionary reached Mississippi River 1681 82 Rene Robert Cavelier claimed from Mississippi to Gulf of Mexico and named it Louisiana 2 2 The Dutch Overseas Empire Desire for



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