Mizzou HIST 1100 - American Journey Chapter Two (3 pages)

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American Journey Chapter Two



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American Journey Chapter Two

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Pages:
3
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Hist 1100 - Survey of American History to 1865
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American Journey Chapter 2 Transplantation and Adaptation 1600 1685 Richard Frethorne went across Atlantic to find new colony of Virginia o Ended up finding sickness and starvation o Under contract to work for Virginia Company Colonization offered opportunities for advancement o Frequently led to sickness suffering and danger Virginia was England s first permanent colony o Frethorne thought in 1623 it was a teetering on the brink of disaster 2 1 The French in North America King Henry IV restored civil order in France after religious warfare between Catholics and Protestants interrupted Frances efforts to establish foothold in North America The Quest for Furs and Converts Furs joined fish as a source of wealth and a reason for French Explorers and entrepreneurs to establish the colony of North France 1608 Samuel de Champlain led an expedition up the St Lawrence River to find permanent settlement in Quebec o Eventually joined with Trois Rivieres 1634 and Montreal 1642 Fur trade was a partnership between Europeans and Indians o Led to marital ties as French traders took Indian wives o Happened mainly among Coureurs de Bois Wood Runners Independent fur traders in New France 1630 s Members of Catholic religious order Jesuit Missionaries tried to convince Indians to come to the French settlements to hear Christian preaching s o This tactic failed Jesuits traveled to native villages and learned native languages bringing Christianity directly to them The Development of New France Indentured Servants An individual usually male but occasionally femalewho contracted to serve a master for a period of four to seven years in return for payment the servants passage to America Indentured servitude was the primary labor system in the Chesapeake colonies for most of the seventeenth century 1670 French traders and missionary reached Mississippi River 1681 82 Rene Robert Cavelier claimed from Mississippi to Gulf of Mexico and named it Louisiana 2 2 The Dutch Overseas Empire Desire for profit drove Dutch quest for colonies The Dutch East India Company 1600 The Dutch merged as the leading economic power in Europe o Earned wealth from manufacturing goods textiles jewelry and glass Dutch East India Company was the instrument to Colonial dominance and was founded in 1602 o Created company that established slave trade posts on the Gold Coast of West Africa The West India Company and New Netherland The Dutch then set their sights on America by creating the West India Company in 1621 First permanent Dutch settlers arrived in 1624 to set up a fur trading post Iroquois traded fur in exchange for European tools and weapons Dispatched aggressive governors who made unstable situations worse by provoking conflict with the Indians 2 3 English Settlement in Chesapeake 20 years passed before the English tried to settle in America again 1607 New Settlement of Jamestown turned into Virginia Very successful due to tobacco The Ordeal of Early Virginia 1606 Charter created incorporating 2 companies to attempt New World settelment London Virginia Company and the Plymouth Company These joint stock companies sold shares to investors who expected profit in return to raise money for colonization Joint Stock Company business enterprise in which a group of stockholders pooled their money to engage in trade or to fund colonizing expeditions Joint Stock companies participated in the founding of the Virginia Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies The Jamestown Colony o May 1607 104 settlers o Spent all their time looking for riches resulting in them not planting crops and their food supplies dwindled o By January 1608 only 38 colonists were still alive o Governing council turned to John Smith He imposed military discipline on Jamestown If you don t work you don t eat Injured by gunpowder explosion went back to Europe and his enemies replaced him as leader o Once again colony fell apart Of the 500 people in autumn 1609 only 60 remained in spring 1610 o 1616 Company instituted the Headright System A system of land distribution during the early colonial era that granted settlers 50 acres for each head they brought to the colony o 1619 Company transported women to be wives to planters first Africans arrived and first legislative body in English America House of Burgesses was created o House of Burgesses The legislature of colonial Virginia First organized in 1619 it was the first institution of representative government in the English colonies o Expansion of English settlement caused tension with Indians due to their land being intruded The Powhatan Confederacy and the Colonists o 1607 English arrived and settled on territory ruled by powerful lndian leader Powhatan o War with Indians continued unti l1614 o John Rolfe and Pocahontas Powhatans daughter got married which helped deal the peace in 1614 o Powhatan died in 1618 and his brother Opechancanough succeeded him as chief o He retaliated against the settlers Early morning March 22 1622 hundred of Indians sneak attacked the settlers killing 347 by the end of the day This war lasted 9 years o The attack failed to restrain the colonists but it destroyed the Virginia Company o Royal Commission investigated the attack and found out that 10 times more people died from ssideases of starvation than the attack o King James dissolved the company in 1624 And he then chose the colony s governor and council and royal advisers monitiored its affairs The importance of Tobacco


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