UNC-Chapel Hill PSYC 101 - psychology-101-social-fall-2014-DP-lecture-student-version (21 pages)

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psychology-101-social-fall-2014-DP-lecture-student-version



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psychology-101-social-fall-2014-DP-lecture-student-version

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Pages:
21
School:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Course:
Psyc 101 - General Psychology

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Social Behavior The Influence of the Group Social influence Conformity Conformity Asch conformity studies Group size Unanimity Conformity Why do we conform What factors influence conformity Conformity Obedience Why do we obey Obeying can fulfill Obeying is not all bad Obedience The power of the situation Zimbardo Stanford Prison Simulation BYSTANDER EFFECT New York Tragedy March 27th 1964 New York Times Kitty Genovese early 1960 young lady late 20s attacked coming home from work A lot of ppl heard screams for help but no one called the cops or helped for about 30mins Lead to the bystander effect Bystander effect as number of bystanders goes up i e group gets larger the probability of any individual bystander intervening goes down Darley Latane 1969 Other factors that influence helping behavior diffusion of responsibility When people are alone they react about 75 of the time In the presence of others decreases to about 53 How dangerous is the situation safety risk for yourself Ambiguity of the situation how clear is the present situation do they really need it Do you have the ability to help Ex are you strong enough to pull them up out of the tracks Who that person is to you Brother mother sister Stranger SOCIAL LOAFING Social Loafing The tendency to exert less effort when working on a group task in which individual contributions cannot be monitored Ringelmann effect same as social loafing and the first experimental example of this construct Clip Does pulling behavior go down when you have more people Yes adding ppl results in less effort per person Why When Does This Happen 1 Diffusion of responsibility 2 Less worried about being evaluated 3 When you perceive that your efforts don t matter 4 When you don t care about the group or the task Reducing social loafing Increase ability to identify specific individuals performance evaluations Increasing group members perceived importance Increase involvement rotate roles Set individual goals Smaller groups Collectivistic



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