UNC-Chapel Hill PSYC 101 - psychology-101-psy-disorders-fall-2014-student version (61 pages)

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psychology-101-psy-disorders-fall-2014-student version



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psychology-101-psy-disorders-fall-2014-student version

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Pages:
61
School:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Course:
Psyc 101 - General Psychology

Unformatted text preview:

Psychology 101 David L Penn Ph D Overview and general terms Prevalence Point prevalence How common a mental illness is over a one year period Life time prevalence What percentage of ppl are diagnosed with illness at some point in their lives How common is menatl illness Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey 2005 Etiology what is the cause of something Prognosis what is the long term outcome Ego syntonic versus symptoms of mental illness are part of who you are you don t see them as outside yourself They don t view them as wrong ex someone with a personality disorder ego dystonic you have symptoms of a mental illness but recognize the symptoms as not part of who you are ex you start smoking and then start hearing voices you weren t always like that 1 Year Prevalence Rates Disorder ECA NCS R Narrow Mood 9 5 9 5 5 1 Anxiety 12 6 18 1 11 8 Schiz 1 1 1 0 Alcohol 9 5 3 1 6 0 Any Disorder 28 1 26 2 18 5 Gender Differences from NCS Study Females have higher Males have higher rates of Depression 2x Anxiety 3x Somatization disorders rates of Alcohol Substance abuse 4x usually with alcohol Antisocial Personality disorder Why do you think these gender differences exist Defining mental disorders Cluster of symptoms and longevity of symptoms Functional behavioral problems ex are you starting to perform poorly in your daily roles Perspectives Medical Behavioral Socio cultural Cognitive cognitive behavioral Diathesis stress Cognition Belief Event Antecedent Emotion Consequence The Basic Cognitive Principle People are upset not because of events or situations which occur but by the meaning that people give to events or situations When the meaning is negative negative emotions result Beck 1976 56 Fig131 Precursors Diathesis Genetic factors Stress Outcome Poor selfunderstanding Brain disease Disorder e g schizophrenia Vulnerability Early learning experiences Stressful family dynamics Bad family dynamics Social stresses Why do we diagnose What s the point Treatment Research



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