CU-Boulder SOCY 1004 - Final Exam Study Guide (16 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Study Guide
University of Colorado at Boulder
Socy 1004 - Deviance in U.S. Society
Deviance in U.S. Society Documents
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SOCY 1004 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide I The organization of deviance A Intro Focus on the lives and experiences of deviants Relationships between them How groups and acts are organized 1 number of members 2 task specialization 3 stratification within group 4 type of authority structure The more cohesive the group Better able to avoid outside sanctions More committed to their deviant identity The organization tends to reflect the needs to reflect the needs of the members The more organization tends to reflect the needs of the members The more formal organized the group More complex The group and the act Skills roles stratification New norms guidelines More protection increased access to resources Range of ways deviants socially organize Loners Solitary deviance No relationships with like others Colleagues Solitary deviance Relationships with like others but don t require cooperation Peers Engage in deviance with others cooperation Crews Engage in deviance with others cooperation More sophisticated division of labors stratification Formal organizations Large group Highly organized stratified White collar crime Occupational individuals acting on own behalf Organizational committed with support of the organization II Drug Use and eating disorders within college women A Loner deviance Mostly solitary some interaction but deviance kept secret Don t form groups based on the deviant act Lack of camaraderie of like others Commit act alone Movement from conforming to non conforming alone B Contextualizing the research Looks at licit pharmaceutical drugs or illicit street drugs in an ongoing effect to manage body weight instrumental motivation to use predicated on specific effects instrumental drug use sample and study college women large public university pathway adaption to norm conformity body C 2 dimensions of drug use and disordered eating 1 Temporal primacy Eating disorder Drug use 2 Legality Licit pharmaceutical Illicit street D 4 Types 1 Conventional over conformists Disordered eating first Licit drug use second 2 Scroungers Disordered eating first Illicit drug use second 3 Journeyers Licit drug use first Disordered eating second 4 Opportunists Illicit drug use first Disordered eating second E 3 problems of loner instrumental drug use 1 Social Isolation Motivation to fit in results in being left out 2 Health consequences Self consequences of risk Physical psychological 3 Financing drug use Different markets licit vs illicit Restricted access to resources Hiding spending Sacrifices III Cyber Communities of self injury online communities Adler and Adler A Community of loners Loners in the real world Colleagues online Hybrid associational form loners and colleagues Commit act alone Do not engage in face to face interaction Colleagues relationships but not reliance Online communities offer Support Acceptance Camaraderie Information Shred identity B Characteristics Cut burn brand or otherwise injure Deliberate but not suicidal Achieve relief Past Relatively small and unknown population Now Burgeoning but largely secretive acceptance and support Sample characteristics Mostly occurred in Middle high School 3 4 women all white Depression alienation rebellion A form of comfort during stressful C Formulating ideology Solitary constructing meaning and rationalization to legitimate their deviance Difficulty in giving social meaning and legitimacy to acts Community can help this process D Social Isolation Behavior viewed as private not to be shared A need for focus and concentration of being alone while injuring themselves Given opportunity to interact or meet other self injurers many withdrew from or avoided interactions E Practical problems Without a table subculture self injurers found themselves on their own in coping with practical problems presented by their deviance Difficulty explaining away scars Increased recognition increased confrontation Led to cutting in places that weren t as visible such as the stomach thighs etc Lack of support F Normative Socialization Self injurers socialized by society not by fellow deviants Choose deviance because they face situations where respectable courses of action are not attractive or satisfactory Resulted in condemnation of their behavior and feelings of shame G Strain Strain behavior normative expectations and deviant behavior Lack of support made it difficult to reaffirm meaning of their deviance Lack of support made deviance unstable difficultly sustaining deviance over long periods of time Ceasing their deviance left strong feelings of abuse IV Gender and victimization Risk among young women in gangs peers Miller A Contextualizing the research Gangs as peers Engage with like others Reliant on each other cooperative Minimal diversion of labor Leader vs followers Illegal goods and or services Urban street gangs Evolving sophistication new members Status and protection Access to resources Danger Women in gangs B 3 features of gender gangs and violence 1 Gangs as protection and risk 2 Gender and status 3 Devaluation and victimization 1 Gangs as protection and risk Why do girls women join groups Protection From outsiders Predatory means Risk Dangers violent arenas Be down for anything Increased risk from insiders 2 Gender and status Stratification between men and women First Gangs are male dominated Masculine characteristics higher status Women fighting tough do dirt Women too masculine Punishment Second Men leadership positions Women lower status positions Women elevating status positions Masculine qualities Connection to high status men 3 Devaluation and victimization from within Stratification Between men and women Within women The lower the status the more victimization from within Knowing their place Sexual dynamics Entering the gang Sexed in Beaten in Ongoing vulnerability V The Social Organizations of deviance A Intro Deviant associations Formal organizations Larger group Highly organized stratified White collar crime Occupational individuals acting on own behalf Organizational B Formal organizations Larger than peers and crews Extending over time and space Cosa Nostra Mafia families Columbian drug cartels May involve transnational links to other similar groups Large membership Highly organized specialized and stratified Formal firm boundaries firm commitment Infiltrate and corrupt law enforcement Identification with group loyalty protects group it is who you are more policing hard to get in out VI International Organized Crime Godson

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