UA CJ 240 - Final Exam Study Guide (3 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Study Guide
University of Alabama
Cj 240 - Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile Delinquency Documents
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CJ240 Final Exam Study Guide High school graduation rates the percentage of students who enter school that achieve graduation Tracking putting school children in common age groups and measuring the ability to be taught together New Jersey v TLO 1985 decision by the Supreme Court of the United States addressing the constitutionality of a search of a public high school student for contraband after she was caught smoking A subsequent search of her purse revealed drug paraphernalia marijuana and documentation of drug sales She was charged as a juvenile for the drugs and paraphernalia found in the search She fought the search claiming it violated her Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches The U S Supreme Court in a 6 3 ruling held that the search was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment Tinker v Des Moines 1969 defined constitutional rights of children in public schools Drop outs Leaving high school and forfeiting a chance for completion Cocaine drug powerfully addictive stimulant that immediately affects the brain Binge drinking drinking pattern that brings a persons BAC blood alcohol level above 08 Heroin opium drug that affects the brain and body Alcohol intoxicating ingredient found in beer wine and liquor Marijuana preparation of the cannabis plant that is intended for use as a drug and as medicine Designer drugs a structural or functional analog of a controlled substance that has been designed to mimic the pharmacological effects of the original drug while avoiding being classified as illegal Gateway drugs less serious drugs that can lead to a future in more hardcore drugs Moinitoring the Future survey study that monitors and tracts illegal and illicit drug use among American high school aged children PRIDE survey survey that measures risk and protective factors Multisystemic Therapy family focused and community based program for violent youth Project ALERT a school based prevention program for middle or junior high school students that focuses on alcohol tobacco and marijuana use Source control management of changes Border control Addiction prone personality traits that make a person predisposed to addictions Chicago Area Project a Juvenile delinquency prevention association based in Chicago Illinois United States Cambridge Somerville Youth Study 1935 community based treatment association Primary prevention avoiding the initial occurrence of a problem Secondary prevention additional support when universal preventative efforts are not sufficient Tertiary prevention attempts to reduce the impact of a condition Oregon Social Learning Center dedicated to strengthening children families and communities Juvenile Mentoring Program JUMP one on one mentoring for youth at risk of educational failure Job Corps free education and training program that helps young people learn a career Risk factors something that increases chances Protective factors eliminate risk Detention centers jail for youth Probation release of an offender from detention subject to a term of good behavior Adjudication a formal judgment on a disputed matter Graduated sanctions each time offenders offend they face harsher punishment August Vollmer first police chief of Berkeley California Leading figure in development of criminal justice field Felony serious crime Misdemeanor a minor wrongdoing In loco parentis in place of a parent legal responsibility Miranda v Arizona a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which passed 5 4 The Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self incrimination before police questioning and that the defendant not only understood these rights but voluntarily waived them Discretion behaving in such a way that avoids offense Stop and frisk if a person is being suspected a police officer may gently run his hands over suspect s outer body Probable cause reasonable grounds Procedural justice the idea of fairness in the process of deciding disputes

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