SC CHEM 102 - Final Exam Study guide (7 pages)

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Final Exam Study guide



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CHEM 102 Final Study Guide Final Exam Study Guide Part 1 Lectures 1 7 1 What is a Lewis Structure 2 Write the Lewis Structure or CH4 3 What are the three shapes for Electron Pair Geometry How do you determine them 4 What are the five shapes for Molecular Geometry How do you determine them 5 The number of areas with electrons around the central atom is 6 The angle between each electron is called 7 What is a steric number 8 Electrostatic forces are called 9 What are the three types of intermolecular attractions 10 All molecules have 11 Explain dipole dipole attraction 12 Only molecules that are have dipole dipole attraction 13 How do you tell if a molecule is polar or not 14 What are London Dispersion forces 15 What are the three requirements for Hydrogen Bonding 16 Explain Hydrogen bonding Part 2 Lectures 8 14 1 What is an Alkane 2 Saturated vs Unsaturated 3 What is the combining powers rule 4 What is the difference between the expanded molecular formula and the expanded structural formula 5 What is an isomer 6 Name and draw the isomers for C5H12 7 Name this Alkane C C C C C C 8 What is an Alkyl 9 Name the different Alkyl groups and draw them 10 Name this Alkane CH3CH2CH CH3 CH2CH CH3CH3 CH3 11 What are cycloalkanes 12 Name the five different cycloalkanes and draw them 13 What is the product of this monohalogenation reaction C C C C C F 14 What are the four halogens that can react in a monohalogenation reaction 15 Name all the organic products formed when I reacts with 3 4 dimethyl Hexane 16 What are Alkenes 17 How are Alkenes formed 18 Name the Alkene C C C C C 19 Name this Alkene C C C C C C 20 What are Cis and Trans isomers Draw a Cis isomer and a Trans isomer 21 What are the reactions for Alkenes 22 Describe what happens during an Addition Reaction What are the types of Addition reactions 23 What is the Order of Carbon Atoms 24 What is a Major product What is a Minor product How do you tell if a product is major or minor 25 What is an Alkyne 26 List and draw the 6 Aromatic Compounds we need to remember on page B57 27 Name the Alcohol C5H12O 1 How do you tell if an alcohol is secondary or primary 2 How do you name a compound with a double bond and an OH group 3 Draw this cyclo Alcohol 2 methyl cyclopentanol 28 Name the reactions for alcohols What are their products Do an example of each 29 How do you name Phenols 30 Name the Ether in both ways C O C 31 Name the products of this reaction 32 CH3CH2CH2 OH H 33 Name this compound C C C CHO 34 Name this compound C C C O C C 35 Put these in order from highest boiling point to lowest Hydrocarbons alcohols Ethers Aldehydes and Ketones 36 What are the reactions for Aldehydes and Ketones Explain and Do examples of each Part 3 Lectures 15 21 1 Name the following Carboxylic acids CH3CH2CH2COOH CH3CH2CH2 CH3 CH2CH2COOH CH3 Br CH2CH2CH2COOH CH3CH2 Cl CH2CH2 CH3CH2 COOH 2 What is Formic acid Acetic acid 3 Complete the following reaction CH3CH2COOH H2O 4 How are Carboxylate Salts formed 5 Complete the following reaction CH3CH2CH2COOH NaOH 6 Name the Carboxylate Salt CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2COOH Cl 7 How is an Ester formed 8 Complete the following reaction CH3CH2COOH H O C 9 Name the following CH3 CH2 CH2 C O Cl 10 How are Acid Anhydrides formed How are they named 11 Name the following CH3CH2CH2CH2NH2 CH3CH2CH2CH2NH2 CH3CH2 Br CH2CH2CH2NH2 12 Name the following CH3CH2CH2NHCH2CH2CH2CH3 13 DO the following reaction CH2NH2 HCl 14 How do you name amine salts 15 What two things make an amine 16 Complete the following reaction NH3 CH3OH 17 Name the following CH3CH2C O NH2 18 How are amides created 19 Complete the Following reaction CH3CH2CH2C O OH NH3 20 What does acid hydrolysis of an amide produce Basic Hydrolysis 21 What is the difference between a constitutional isomer and a stereoisomer 22 What is an Enantiomer Draw an example 23 What is a diastereomer Draw an example 24 What criteria do compounds have to meet to me enantiomers 25 What is the Chiral Center Draw an example 26 What are the different functions of Glucose List everything you can about Glucose 27 What are the different functions of Starch List everything you can about Starch 28 What are the different functions of Glycogen Cellulose List everything you can about both 29 What are the 2 classes of Carbohydrates 30 How do you name a stereoisomers D or L 31 Name facts about D Glucose 32 What four things do hemiacetal carbons have to have on them to be hemiacetal 33 What is a disaccharide 34 How do you tell if a disaccharide is Alpha or Beta 35 How do you determine the linkage of a disaccharide 36 Name facts about Maltose Cellobiose Lactose and Sucrose 37 What is the linkage for sucrose 38 What is a reducing sugar 39 What is a polysaccharide 40 What is the difference between Amylose and Amylopectin Part 4 Literally Everything Else We Learned 1 What are the functions of lipids 2 What are fatty acids and how are they classified What are the 2 essential fatty acids 3 What is the difference between a saturated and unsaturated fatty acid Draw them 4 What are triacylglycerols and explain hydrolysis of triacylglycerols 5 What are the 2 groups of Amphipathetic Hydrolyzable Lipids 6 Know about the different hydrolysable lipids 7 What are Steroids Cholesterol Eicosanoids Vitamins 8 What is the difference between water soluble and fat soluble vitamins 9 What are the different protein functions 10 What are the categories and characteristics of alpha amino acids 11 What is a Zwitterion 12 How are peptides bonded How are oligopeptides and polypeptides different 13 How do you name peptides 14 Explain 3 D structure of peptides 15 What are the functions of Angiotension Gastrin Glutathione and Vasopressin 16 What are conjugated proteins 17 What are the levels of protein structure Draw them and name the characteristics 18 How does digestion work 19 What are nucleotides and what makes each different 20 Name the pyrimidines and purines 21 How do you name nucleotides 22 How are nucleotides formed and what is their 3 D structure 23 What is base pairing 24 Which bases pair to eachother in DNA RNA 25 How are chromosomes formed Describe the information flow from DNA to RNA 26 What are the different types of RNA an how do they work what are their jobs 27 How do you use the codon assignment chart


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