UW-Madison COUNPSY 650 - Exam 2 Study Guide (19 pages)

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Exam 2 Study Guide



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Exam 2 Study Guide

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All of the material for exam 2


Pages:
19
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Course:
Counpsy 650 - Theory and Practice in Interviewing
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

CounsPsych 650 Exam 2 Study Guide Lectures 8 12 Lecture 8 October 31 Individual and Cultural Differences Why study theories about individual and cultural differences Basic Assumption how we understand individual and cultural differences impacts how we communicate and how we engage in the interview process o Meta communication process IGU individual group universal Tripartite Model o Perceptions of identities inside vs outside the group o Salience of identities varies by context o Group membership itself influences the emphasis we put on different levels of analysis o Power o Within group difference are greater than between group differences Models of Group Differences Western Psychology Pathological Model o Some groups and individuals are genetically deficient or lacking in desirable attributes o 18th century European colonization and scientific technological advances Darwin o Non whites as intermediary between apes and fully formed humans o Justification of slavery eugenics various genocides removal of Native American from their lands o Gender differences o Ex athletics certain racial groups being better at certain sports based on their biology Culturally Deficient o Shift from biology to environmental differences o Some individuals and groups are unable to function well in the US because they lack cultural supports to ensure success o Culturally Deprived Child Frank Riessman PhD o 1960 s emphasis on social justice and civil rights o People of color had dysfunctional family cultures not genetic make ups Fine arts vs crafts Individualism vs collectivism Ballet vs community dance Chess vs Dominos Culturally Different o Some individuals and groups are culturally different from majority o Creates normal versus comparison group o Different from Culturally Diverse o Difference is a positive aspect of human society o Comfort with difference is essential Each developed at different times for different reasons o Applying these models to affirmative action preference in



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