Pitt NROSCI 0080 - Final Exam Study Guide (12 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Pages:
12
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Pittsburgh
Course:
Nrosci 0080 - Brain and Behavior
Brain and Behavior Documents

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NROSCI 0080 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Study Guide for Brain and Behavior Introduction to behavior and the brain Gall and Flourens Gall brain has at least 35 domains that correspond to specific mental functions self esteem secretiveness etc Increased use would increase size Flourens ablation technique localization of function believe Flourens Anatomy what makes up the CNS and PNS Brain and Spinal Cord o Forebrain midbrain hindbrain and spinal cord o Occipital back vision o Temporal temple hearing aspects of learning memory and emotion o Parietal top somatic sensation perception of the body o Frontal front planning and directing actions controlling movement Central sulcus separates frontal from parietal lobes Pre central gyrus primary motor cortex frontal lobe Post central gyrus primary somatosensory cortex parietal lobe Corpus callosum between the two hemispheres Microanatomy of Neurons Structure of the Neuron Cell body integrates information Dendrites receive messages from the axons of other neurons Axons carries information to be passed to other cells Cytoplasm all the fluid inside the neuron intracellular fluid Mitochondria breaks down glucose and provides cell with ATP many scattered throughout whole neuron Neurofilaments located under outer membrane of neuron internal skeleton Microtubules conveyor belts for vesicles and proteins for transport within the neuron Nucleus executive office center of soma contains chromosomes Rough ER used for assembling proteins Ribosomes on rough ER read genetic codes of RNA and assemble proteins Golgi apparatus wraps up proteins inside vesicles small and cisterns large delivered to microtubules and shipped to other regions of the neuron Plasma membrane surrounds the cytoplasm and axoplasm forms soft wall of the neuron including soma dendrites and axon o Made in a phospholipid bilayer Synapses Point of contact between neurons o Presynaptic is axon full of little round vesicles that open up to let out the chemical



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