Mizzou PSYCH 2410 - Final Exam Study Guide (6 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


summary of lectures for exam 4

Study Guide
University of Missouri
Psych 2410 - Developmental Psychology

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PSYCH 2410 1st Edition Lecture 18 Infant Attachment Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 18 25 I Theorists During the first year of life infants develop attachment to primary caregivers physical and emotional Sigmund Freud mother child relationship is important for development o Drive Reduction Theory mother satisfies infant s primary needs ex food and as a result infant develops affection for the mother John Bowlby disagrees with Freud o Found that when children were separated they fell into despair depression o Determined attachment cannot be explained by drive reduction theory Renee Spitz studied deprivation in mothering o Studied orphans of felon mothers Found that more died when not in mother s care and had a lower IQ despite adequate nutrition Harry Harlow sought to examine the drive reduction theory with monkey experiment o Method separated monkey from mother can gave them one wire mother with food and one mother with cloth and no food o Results monkeys spent more time with cloth mother II Attachment Development Attachment relationship enduring emotional time between child and primary caregiver o Secure base from which to explore environment o Safe haven to retreat to during uncertainty Infants evolved to develop attachments because it promotes survival Four Phases of Attachment Development 1 Pre attachment birth 6 weeks innate signals bring Mom 2 Attachment in the making 6 weeks 6 8 months attend to more familiar people 3 Clear cut attachment 6 8 months 1 5 2 years actively seek comfort from caregivers mom is secure base distress at separation 4 Reciprocal Relationships 1 5 2 years increasing abilities to organize efforts to be near efforts communicate love III Infant Attachment Classifications Strange Situation Procedure standardized procedure for assessing differences in infant attachment o Method series of stressful separations from caregiver then reunions Measure infant behavior on reunion Secure uses parent as base of exploration uses parent as safe haven

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