UMass Amherst PUBHLTH 129 - Final Exam Study Guide (4 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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This discusses what we talked about since our last exam. Hope it helps you guys!


Pages:
4
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Pubhlth 129 - Health Care for All GenEd: SBU
Health Care for All GenEd: SBU Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Public Health 129 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Undeserved Populations What are health and health care disparities Refer to differences in health and health care between population groups Disparities matter because limits continued improvement in overall quality of care and population health and have unnecessary costs Hispanics Blacks American Indians Alaskan Natives less likely to be insured also low income individuals relative to whites and higher income Minorities have increased barriers to access care receive poorer quality of care and ultimately experience worse health outcomes Vulnerable populations Racial and ethnic minorities o Over 30 of US populations is minorities Disabled Have psychological problems Enabling Characteristics Insurance status uninsured o Poor and less educated work at part time jobs younger 25 40 minorities Homelessness o 3 5 million experience it Socioeconomic status Individual assets human capitals Mediating factors are associated with the use of health care services e g health insurance access to quality of health care Federal Initiatives to Eliminate socioeconomic disparities o Programs that have helped eliminate socioeconomic differences Community Health Center Program National Health Service Corps Health care for the Homeless Program Need Characteristics Mental health o Ranks second as a nationwide burden on health and productivity o Chronic illness disability Responsible for 7 out of 10 deaths HIV AIDS CDC estimates 1 million in US are living with HIV average cost of ART 15 000 a year Health Care for All Canada Health Care System National Health Service o Health care is provided and financed by the government through tax payments Many hospitals and clinics owned by the government some doctors are govt employees England Spain new Zealand o Social Health Insurance Uses health insurance system insurers called sickness funds usually financed jointly by employees and employers o Single player system Has elements of the two above but



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