TAMU PSYC 315 - continuing group processes (3 pages)

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continuing group processes

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continuing group processes


Group processes

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Psyc 315 - Social Psychology

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Psych 315 1nd Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture I Group Processes Outline of Current Lecture II Continuing group processes III Group think IV Leadership Current Lecture Incestuous Amplification defined by Jane s Defense Weekly as a condition in warfare in which one only listens to those who are already in lockstep agreement reinforcing set beliefs and creating a situation ripe for miscalculation Everyone goes along with a group This term is used in the military In social psychology a similar condition is called group think If decision making groups are excessively concerned with seeking consensus among their members group think will emerge and a full rational analysis of the problem will not take place o Self censorship not saying anything because no one else is o Illusion of unanimity thinking that everyone agrees Antecedent Conditions of Group Think o High Group Cohesiveness o Insulation of the Group from outside sources of information o Lack of procedures for information search and appraisal o Highly directive leadership High stress with little hope of finding a better solution than the one favored by the leader or other influential group members Motivation of the Group Agreement Seeking Symptoms of Group Think o o o o Illusion of invulnerability Belief of the inherent morality of the group Stereotypes of outgroups Direct pressure on dissenters These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o Self censorship o Illusion of unanimity Symptoms of defective decision making o o o o o o Incomplete survey of objectives Incomplete survey of alternatives Poor information search Failure to examine risks of preferred choice Failure to reappraise alternatives Failure to work out contingency plans Some examples of group think o Response warnings of imminent attack on Pearl Harbor in WWII o The Lyndon Johnson administration s decision to increase the number of

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