UT Knoxville PSYC 110 - Final Exam Study Guide (9 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Pages:
9
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Tennessee
Course:
Psyc 110 - General Psychology
General Psychology Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Psych 110 Final exam Study Guide Chapter 1 Scientific Thinking Terms to know na ve realism confirmation bias hindsight bias Naive realism the belief that we see the world precisely as it is seeing is believing Confirmation bias seeking out evidence that supports our beliefs deny evidence that contradicts them Hindsight bias I knew it all along Overestimating how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes Apophenia vs Pareidolia Apophenia perceiving meaningful connections among unrelated phenomena Pareidolia seeing meaningful images in meaningless visual stimuli Theory vs Hypothesis Scientific theory an explanation for a large number of findings in the natural and psychological world Hypothesis testable prediction Scientific thinking principles 1 ruling out rival hypotheses more than one cause for something 2 correlation is not causation 3 falsifiability possibility that it could be shown false by an observation or experiment 4 replicability can it be replicated 5 extraordinary claims extraordinary evidence 6 Occum s razor the simplest answer is conclusion Chapter 2 Research Methods Experiments IV vs DV control group vs experimental group Independent Variable Variable that the experimenter manipulates Dependent Variable Variable that the experimenter measures Control Group Does not receive manipulation of the IV Experimental Group Receives the manipulation of the IV Difference between external and internal validity External the extent to which we can generalize our findings to real world situations naturalistic observations Internal the extent to which we can draw cause and effect inferences experimental designs Basics of correlation positive vs negative Positive both variables move in the same direction can be a downward slope Negative variables move in different directions Basic vs applied research Basic examines how the mind works Applied examines how we can use basic research to solve real world problems Chapter 3 Biology Difference between Broca s



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