IUB SPH-R 230 - Fitness+and+Wellness (6 pages)

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Fitness+and+Wellness



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Fitness+and+Wellness

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Pages:
6
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Sph-R 230 - Recreational Sports Programming
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Fitness Wellness Programming Introduction Any programming strategy starts with defining the activity and developing a few basic truths around this definition This then quickly progresses to a myriad of questions that then define the who what when why and how of a program Fitness wellness programming is no exception This information will be presented as if you were starting a fitness wellness program from scratch However the strategy is the same whether you are starting a new program or evaluating an existing one So before designing a quality fitness wellness program you need to know what fitness and wellness are and what they are not and how both are achieved We ll start with wellness Wellness Concept Wellness is more than the absence of illness and more than physical fitness It is an active process of becoming aware of and altering an individual s behavior toward a more successful physical mental and emotional existence A wellness program is an organized program intended to assist individuals in making voluntary behavior changes reducing their health risks and enhancing their individual well being The concept of wellness also involves a continuing development involving many changes developing a knowledge or realization becoming informed the act of deciding and selecting choosing healthy attitudes actions and habits a balance of all aspects or dimensions of life the optimal health of the total person Optimal health consists of a balance of emotional mental occupational physical social and spiritual well being It is the state in which we feel best work study best and have the greatest resistance to disease Emotional Having a sense of feeling acceptance of oneself effective communication stress management Mental Ability to reason or understand creativity expansion and application of knowledge perception Occupational Trade business or profession requiring a significant amount of time challenge personal development satisfaction Physical Of the body as opposed to the mind activity use of medicines nutrition and substance use Social Having to do with human beings interacting together community environment family Spiritual Of the spirit or soul as opposed to the body beliefs ethics values As participants in your recreational sports program try to achieve wellness it is important that they take it one step at a time Review lifestyle habits with them with the preceding six dimensions in mind Try to encourage them to select one weak point to begin improving With success additional changes come easier Fitness Programming Components and Principles Now that you have a basic understanding of wellness let s take a look at fitness Because of the relative ease of their implementation self directed participation and fitness systems have become a very popular form of recreational sports programming Fitness should be looked upon as an extension of the wellness program a way of enhancing overall well being through sport and fitness activity Let s look at the basic components and principles that if followed will help participants achieve fitness Components of Fitness Programming Fitness is comprised of basically six components Cardiovascular endurance the efficiency of the heart and lungs Muscular strength amount of resistance Muscular endurance ability to continue muscular resistance Flexibility range of motion Body composition ratio of lean body mass versus fat Neuromuscular development agility balance skill and performance Principles of Fitness In order to reach maximum potential in the six components the following FITT principles should be adhered to Frequency of exercise three to five times per week Intensity of exercise 50 to 85 maximum oxygen intake or 60 to 90 maximum heart rate Time duration of exercise 15 to 60 minutes of continuous aerobic activity Type of exercise large muscle group continuous and aerobic in nature Program Assessment and Implementation With these fitness components and principles in mind the first step is to conduct an overall assessment of the fitness program This consists of a series of questions that will identify various intangibles which will help in designing and planning the specifics of your fitness program What kind of agency organization do you operate in Each organization or agency is unique with different participant needs and interests For example older adult participants in community recreation programs might want low impact programs middle adult participants in private agencies might want membership to be exclusive while in a collegiate setting female young adults might dominate a group exercise program Who are the clients or constituency It is important that you know the demographics of your participants such as participant personal fitness goals age current fitness level participant lifestyle full time employee student family financial status time available etc and special needs How do these different factors affect the type of programs you will offer What kind of facilities do you have Once you feel confident that you have a good grasp on who will be participating it is time to assess the actual facilities that your agency has This will have a major impact on the types of programs you are able to offer Are the general purpose rooms and exercise rooms available for your use If so what are the specific sizes floor types ventilation concerns acoustics aesthetics current use scheduling of the program and so forth Are there specialty facilities such as pools running tracks fitness trails etc available for your program to use What kind of budget do you have This affects program pricing and marketing plans that you might implement You must know if the fitness program is self supported or subsidized by an agency or corporation or is the program strictly fee based with participants supporting the program through entrance fees Program Design Once the assessment phase is completed the next step is to begin the actual development of the fitness program Consideration in the development phase consists of the type of program scheduling safety and budget Type of program This is the most important consideration that must be addressed Without a quality offering of activities meeting the needs and wants of participants the fitness program will not be successful People participate for a number of reasons Among them include to feel better pleasure fun improve flexibility control weight reduce stress be with people socialize or advised by their doctor However research shows


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