IUB CMCL-C 122 - CMCL Exam 2 Notes (16 pages)

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CMCL Exam 2 Notes



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CMCL Exam 2 Notes

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Pages:
16
School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Cmcl-C 122 - Interpersonal Communication
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Exam 2 Notes 03 05 2013 Day 17 Nature of Social Groups unit 4 communication of social groups groups use communication rituals and patterns to create a sense of belonging speech communities have common language and social interaction patterns that serve to o bond o police o compete how do you know what groups you belong to Are there special speech patterns you use Carbaugh Speech Communities Group of people who share rules for using at least one communication practice 247 o They share communicative norms o They often self identify as a group consider it important to their social life o People can belong to multiple speech communities Ethnography analyzes the methods and meanings of communication particular to socio cultural groups Ex sports team lingo for certain plays o Think in terms of code switching Ex politics religion education Goffman Encounters Encourage academic attention to everyday interactions Unfocused v focused interaction What characterizes an unfocused interaction One sided someone is observing another from afar not a mutual interaction between strangers not necessarily a planned interaction In a room observing how people are sitting dressed What characterizes a focused interaction People coming together for a certain amount of time to address a problem address something Social groups Groups that exist when they re not interacting Don t need a focus activity Individuals in social groups o Recognize themselves as members who belong to identify with the organization o Receive more support from other members o Have a sense of hostility toward outsiders Elements are individual special type In group vs out group TYPE of social group o Small groups Distinct collective unit characterized by what their size makes possible Distinguished by Size Close bonds members know each other well Wide consensus Informal roles Groups and interactions are different A group still exists when members aren t together An interaction can be attended by total strangers How would goffman characterize the following 3 7 Uses of Slang Eckert Symbols of Category Membership What is symbolic value or symbolic capital Capital means you have access o Men control women are constrained to accumulate symbolic capital o External cues that express values remember wilce s discussion of signs icons indexes symbols o They stand for deeper cultural differences What are the categories she observes o Jocks vs burnouts o Developing their identities in opposition to each other o Middle class vs working class o Eckert sees the high school scene as a series of binary choices which define your life then and in the future what are the implications of this argument Do we buy it Slang o a rich resource both for the negotiation of meaning and ofr the production of social and interactional identities linked to these meanings 283 o verbal equivalent of Eckert s symbols of category membership Have symbolic capital o uses of slang differentiate from adults produce identity unify differentiate racial and subcultural signal or construct youthful trendiness style achieving interactional goals 03 05 2013 3 19 Women Simmons girls kept each other in line because they would ignore the new girls and not associate with them if a guy talked to them girl that is all that is seen as a threat breaks all the unwritten rules has luxury items bring about negative reinforcement Men Kuiper volleyball team brings each other together while talking during the plays rugby team uses sexual humiliation call each other names o make them strive to be manly motivation Simmons Girls maintain boundaries of acceptable feminine behavior through indirect forms of aggression o Manipulation o Exclusion o Code words rumors The idea girl is o Physically perfect indirect manipulative other oriented The anti girl is o Mean opinionated direct professional self interested sexual Our culture stigmatizes women who stand out and girls reinforce this by disciplining one another 313 Kuiper Shows us how male solidarity is constructed in two different ways in new Zealand sports teams Volleyball o Devised verbal ways of saving one another s face when they made mistakes thus making the team a fun and less risky group to play with Rugby o Vulgar language o Used sexually humiliating language to damage one another s face Solidarity is created out the fear of future humiliation if you mess up on the field your teammates will humiliate you Idea of Face Bauman in relation to Quakers The public image that everyone wants to maintain for themselves o Don t worry about negative positive face Face saving o Politeness phenomenon o Interaction that avoids or mitigates humiliation or coercive acts Face threatening o Interaction that threatens humiliation is coercive 322 face saving and politeness phenon 3 21 13 Key terms Face saving Interaction that avoids or mitigates humiliation or coercive acts Code of the street Organizing principle for violence respect and survival in inner city how one is supposed to act Code switching Adopting different modes of behavior decent v street How does anderson define the code of the streets Fight to gain respect Survival of the fittest Garot interviews Dialogue Antoine pg 328 Code of saving face Dialogue Everett pg 333 Walking away is justified Main point Although the code says that you walk away from fight once you will get beaten up all the time in reality inner city teens walk away from fights often Garot ethnography of the mundane people not getting into fights Identity work 348 What groups do to construct a visible communal sense of self an identity Boundary publics 350 Making spaces for an expression of unique identity community in public sphere 03 05 2013 Roger Abrahams IU degree in folklore Not attention to forms of verbal artistry Smitherman s writing Example from p 357 Bloods who can talk and testify preach and prophesy lie and signify get much props Some folk would tell you quick So in the game of snappin if you play either you or yo momma got to play o Exemplifying in text Key terms Dis Insult the dozens o if you re making a dis at someones mother relative signifyin o any other kind of dis insulting a person or thing snaps o a general verbal play of insults losing tradition strong dividing line b t types dozens signifyin disses snaps o example of speech play verbal artistry artistry in language involves verbal action done for its own sake focus on form highlights poetic function of language o as important as content if not more not shallow


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