IUB CMCL-C 122 - C122+MIDTERM+STUDY+GUIDE (3 pages)

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C122+MIDTERM+STUDY+GUIDE



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C122+MIDTERM+STUDY+GUIDE

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School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Cmcl-C 122 - Interpersonal Communication
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Kelsey Rowles MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 20 Points 1 How do Goodman and Monaghan define denaturalization and its application to this class We begin to see that communication is not something natural that we know how to do Instead we begin to notice how the ways we interact with others are linked to larger cultural understandings and expectations We begin to see communication in terms of shared cultural knowledge that is learned and practiced Goodman and Monaghan 1 2 What points does Miner make by writing about the Nacirema Interpretation of action in Ethnography exoticing the other the power and responsibility of representation we must strive to describe other people in such a way that they would recognize themselves we have culture 3 How does Agar define culture and the circle around language Give examples 16 Culture having a sense that is outside language culture is something those people have but its more than that its also something that happens for you when you encounter it Circle words that people say use are inside outside circle we can t just look at what people say we need to observe al the ideas around it we cant draw a circle around language and say that s communication 4 According to Agar what is the deficit theory How does that link to Monaghan s fallacy of normality 18 Deficit theory differences between selves and others lack of something my way is the best my way is what s normal Fallacy of normality is it different than what I m seeing or is it actually wrong If you re watching something and you think it is different than what you re used to See something and don t feel like you need to say anything because it s normal 5 What are Bauman s 5 principles a Communication is social b Expressive communicative forms say the most about a culture c Communication is the social means for achieving social ends d Communication forms are valued differently by different people e Communication differs across cultures and across time 6 What are the 4 categories of performance according to Conquergood Poetics invented Play experimentation with social order Process culture is a verb emergent Power performance is a site of struggle 7 Define Geertz s thick description and explain why the difference between a wink and twitch is important Trying to convey the social context and cultural meaning is a thick description The difference between a wink and a twitch is important because a twitch is involuntary and innocent while a wink is forced and conveys a message it goes beyond social interaction 8 Explain social business s relationship to doing ethnography Social business is power value and identity Why something more than on the surface How and why people do what they do You can never be completely objective and need to look at the specifics 9 Give examples of Bauman s emergent quality of performance ch 8 Everyone is performing their own action this is in someway shaping what their own culture will be Status in culture will be changing as well Things are malleable through acts of performance you can change that culture and play a part in shaping your role and what it is Ex Little kid would get beat up makes fun of himself at first then he starts making jokes and eventually is funny enough to make fun of them and establishes himself within the group He changed what was valued and what was important 10 Describe the Quakers language ideology and give examples Based on religious beliefs if I do that that s my sinning didn t want to talk a certain way people have expectations need to respect me as a person Quakers had their own ideology about how language should be deployed 11 Why does Ottenheimer change her transcriptions White female academic helping black person write his autobiography records interviews when he tells fun stories writes it in a book originally she writes how he said it with accent wants her to change it to more standard English its your responsibility as an ethnographer to represent people the way they want to be represented good goals in everything you do 12 Describe the process of entextualization decontextualization and recontextualization En realizing something is signiciant de taking the information out of its original context resending the conversation to someone else 13 Define the three points of Lakoff s Language triangle Why does he use the image of a triangle Form meaning and function An image of the triangle is important if one point is removed then it all falls apart 14 How why are indirectness and directness used Indirect to avoid hide from the truth Directness power in the relationship speaker has control 15 Define symbol icon and index and describe the differences among them give examples of each Symbol peace sign cow Index senses context clues Icon picture of a celebrity logo of apple people know its apple 16 What assertions does Tannen make about conversational signals and devices Give the lists she offers for each category Signals are pacing and pauses pitch loudness they help establish the conversation Devices are how you go about the conversation 17 Give examples of code switching 200 Doctors talk in different way and so do mechanics Code switching is when the speaker changes the subject from formal to informal ways of speaking to help others understand 18 According to Maltz and Borker why do men and women miscommunicate Explain how that misunderstanding occurs in minimal responses Women ask more questions men interrupt minimal responses women are showing they are listening men do it to agree 19 Describe report and rapport talk and explain why Tannen associates each with one gender over the other Report public speaking stating facts rapport women report men 20 According to Seizer how can swear words be transgressive and part of everyday speech Seizer is saying that these words are curse words because you can t say them everywhere they are off limits at some places However there are places where if they are used no one cares and no one will judge you


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