UNC-Chapel Hill PSYC 250 - Final Exam Study Guide (9 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Lectures 21 - 25


Pages:
9
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Course:
Psyc 250 - Child Development
Child Development Documents

Unformatted text preview:

PSYC 250 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 21 25 Lecture 21 Moral Development November 13th Moral Development Moral Conscience An internal guiding system in the mind that leads children to do the things we believe makes them a good person Made up of 3 components o Emotional The moral emotions Guilt o emotional discomfort caused by wrong doing o Starts at about 2 years old Empathy o Ability to experience the emotions of others o Starts at about 2 years old Gratitude o Thankfulness recognition of goodness received from others o Guides child towards prosocial behavior Primary influences on the development of guilt and empathy 1 Fearful distress dimension of temperament o Children with more fearful distress develop guilt sooner 2 Quality of attachment o Development of moral emotions is well established by Warm positive mutually trusting relationship with caregiver Lack of power assertiveness techniques How does power assertive parenting undermine moral development Children become angry and fearful of parent Child externalizes the reasons for their wrong doing Children are less likely to develop an internal moral sense Primary influences on development of moral emotions 1 Caregivers modeling moral emotions 2 Caregivers provide explanations that focus on others feelings o Behavioral Self regulation of conduct to inhibit impulses resist temptation and follow rules Primary influences Child s committed compliance willingness to respond to caregiver modeling and instruction o This develops when relationships between child and caregiver is warm mutually trusting and responsive child s opportunity to be a role model caregiver s response to child s behavior o responses to good behavior o Clear reactions to wrong doing o Explanations of rules and consequences Techniques that undermine the child s development o 1 Power assertion o 2 Love withdrawal o 3 Empathy threats o 4 Indulgent permissive non intervention The ultimate goal of discipline is not controlling a child it



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