UNT SPHS 2015 - 11BB Hearing Disorders in Children and assessment F13(1) (41 pages)

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11BB Hearing Disorders in Children and assessment F13(1)



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11BB Hearing Disorders in Children and assessment F13(1)

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Pages:
41
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Sphs 2015 - Nat Comm Dis

Unformatted text preview:

01 16 19 1 Causes of Hearing Disorders in Children Congenital Acquired Hearing loss present at Hearing loss after birth at birth Can be genetic Can be a result of other factors any time of life Can be the result of a disease injury or other condition bacterial meningitis Mumps Measles Viral infections Otitus media Noise exposure 01 16 19 2 Acquired Hearing Disorders Otitis Media Most common cause of conductive hearing loss in children Often causes 25 to 30 dB loss Intermittent and variable Research supports high correlation in chronic otitis media and speech language problems May require frequent medical management 01 16 19 3 Myringotomy Ear infection is result of eustachian tube swelling and not allowing drainage Tubes in the ear with history of multiple ear infections and speech delay Video of myringotomy http on aol com video learn about middle ear infections 114822081 01 16 19 4 Hearing Loss Mild moderate severe profound Temporary or permanent One ear or both Treatment Medication Surgery Hearing aid Cochlear implant 01 16 19 5 Location of damage Conductive Sensorineural Damage or blockage in Damage to cochlea or outer or middle ear Cochlea is still functioning so some sound information is carried to the brain Often a temporary loss as it can be treated medically or surgically the acoustic nerve Most common type of permanent hearing loss Can be treated effectively with amplification or implantable device 01 16 19 6 Causes of Conductive and Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Children Conductive Sensorineural Wax buildup Inflammation of ear Hereditary canal Malformations of the outer and middle ear Otitis media 01 16 19 Maternal illness during pregnancy STORCH infections Complicated birth process low birth weight hyperbilirubinemia intercranial hemorrhage Noise exposure Ototoxic drugs 7 Degree of Hearing Loss in Children Hearing loss in children is defined as an average threshold of greater than 15 dB adults are 25 dB dB is loudness or intensity of signal Standard is



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