UGA LING 2100 - Final Exam Study Guide (3 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 3 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Final Exam Study Guide

Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Final Exam Study Guide


Study Guide
University of Georgia
Ling 2100 - Study of Language
Study of Language Documents

Unformatted text preview:

LING 2100 Exam 4 Study Guide Language Variation Language Varieties Language Variety o Used by linguists as a cover term to refer to any form of language characterized by systematic features Sociolinguistics o The study of the relationship between language varieties and social structure as well as the interrelationships among different language varieties Extralinguistic Factors o Region socioeconomic status age gender and ethnicity that define speech communities Communicative Isolation o Results when a group of speakers forms a coherent speech community relatively isolated from speakers outside of that community Mutual Intelligibility o If speakers of one language variety can understand speakers of another language variety o Also means they are dialects of the same language Standard Dialect o Linguistically speaking no one dialect or language is better more correct more systematic or more logical than any other o Serves as the primary means of communication across dialects Nonstandard Dialect o Other dialects within a language but should not be considered inferior Prescriptive Standard o The standard by which we make judgments of right and wrong Language Contact Levels of Borrowing Borrowing o The adoption by one language of linguistic elements from another language o Can be lexical or structural Lexical borrowing of words or phrases Structural borrowing of phonological morphological or syntactic patterns Loanwords o The individual words being adopted into another language Loan Transitions or Calques o Phrases acquired through a word for word translation into native morphemes Intensity of Contact o Determined by the duration of the linguistic contact as well as by the level of interaction among the speakers Second language Acquisition o Many adult immigrants learn the language of their new home through interaction with native speakers rather than in a school setting Language convergence o Occurs when two languages become more similar due to contact between them

View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Final Exam Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Final Exam Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?