UT Arlington BIOL 3322 - Final Exam Study Guide (16 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


final exam review chapters 1 - origins of brain and behavior 2 - nervous system structure 3 cells of nervous system 4 electrical transmission 5 chemical signaling 6 drugs and hormones 7 neuroscience methods 8 neurodevelopment 9 vision 10 audition 11 motor 12 motivation and emotion 14 learning and memory 16 neurological disorders

Study Guide
University of Texas at Arlington
Biol 3322 - Brain and Behavior

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BIOL 3322 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Chapter 1 review Simple behavior NS narrow range of behavior Complex behavior NS wider rand of behavior Aristotle mentalism Descartes actions governed by either mind spirit and psychological or controlled by body biologically Darwin trait is adapted if it increases chance of survival it is passed on Age of the earth o Forms of life 3 5 bya o Brain cells 700mya o First brain 250 mya o Human like brain 6mya o Modern human brain 200 000 yrs ago 5 kingdoms monera Protista plantae fungi Animalia Chordate NS bilateral segmented brain and SC encased in cartilage bone crossed organization SC is behind the heart and gut Behavior is related to cerebral hemispheres and cerebellum size Chapter 2 review CNS brain is encased by the skull the SC is encased by vertebrae PNS neurons and nerve processes outside of CNS o Sensory connections to receptors in the skin afferent o Motor connection to body muscles outgoing efferent o Sensory and motor connections to internal body organs Meninges 3 layers of protective tissue dura mater arachnoid layer and pia mater CSF cerebrospinal fluid surrounds the meningitis Neurons Glial cells Several axon fibers running together form a nerve when outside the CNS or a tract w in the CNS Our evolutionary history our developmental history and our own personal history are integrated at the various anatomical and functional levels of the NS Spinal reflex can act independently of the brain hard to prevent brain cannot inhibit Brain stem hindbrain midbrain diencephalon hypothalamus produce movement and creates a sensory world tectum and tegmentum Forebrain neocortex basal ganglia limbic system Cytoarchitectonic map cortical layers motor cortex and sensory cortex Basal ganglia caudate nucleus putamen and globus pallidus Limbic system amygdala hippocampus and cingulate cortex SNS somatic nervous system monitored and controlled by the CNS Cranial nerves by the brain The spinal nerves by the spinal cord segments

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