SC EXSC 224 - Final Exam Study Guide (14 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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This study guide covers a summary of what you need to know from chapters 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, and 23. Chapters 21 and 23 are covered in much more detail than material from the past 3 exams.


Pages:
14
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Exsc 224 - Anatomy/physiology Ii
Anatomy/physiology Ii Documents

Unformatted text preview:

EXSC 224 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Chapter 11 Nervous System Functions Sensory input integration and motor output The different components functions and divisions of the CNS and PNS The two cell types of the nervous system neurons and supporting cells neuroglia o Supporting cells are the most abundant type The different types of neuroglia in the CNS and PNS and their physical characteristics and functions o CNS Astrocytes Microglia Ependymal cells Oligodendrocytes o PNS Satellite cells Schwann cells Definition of neurons composition and characteristics Properties and functions of nerve cell body dendrites and axons Make up and function of myelin sheath o Formation of myelin sheath The difference between myelinated and unmyelinated axons and where each is found o Both types are found in CNS Characteristics of axons in the CNS The difference between white and gray matter and what each is composed of Structural description and example of each type of structural neuron classification o Multipolar bipolar and unipolar Functional classification of neurons sensory afferent motor efferent and interneurons association Chapter 12 Central Nervous System Definition of gyrus sulcus and fissure Sulci separate the lobes of the brain Know locations of central sulcus parieto occipital sulcus lateral sulcus precentral gyrus and postcentral gyrus Function of cerebral cortex enables sensation communication memory understanding and voluntary movements Functional areas of cerebral cortex o Motor voluntary movement sensory awareness of sensation and association integration of information Location function and dysfunction of motor sensory and association areas Motor areas o Primary motor cortex premotor cortex Brocca s area and frontal eye field Sensory areas o Primary somatosensory cortex somatosensory association cortex primary visual cortex visual association area primary auditory cortex auditory association area Association areas o Prefrontal cortex language areas Wernicke s



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