WSU PSYCH 265 - Final Exam Study Guide (3 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Exam 4 study guide lectures 26-32

Study Guide
Washington State University
Psych 265 - biopsychological effect
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PSYCH 265 1st Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lectures 26 32 EXAM 4 STUDY GUIDE True or False one of the first successful attempts to treat the symptoms of mental illness w psychotherapeutic drugs occurred in 1840s when moreau used cannabis to treat patients with both depressive and manic symptoms True Explain the primary hypotheses a neurochemical etiology of anxiety Neurotransmitter most associated with anxiety is serotonin Increased levels of limbic serotonin activity Provide some examples of long and short acting benzodiazepines and explain the basis for differences in duration of action Longer converted by liver to a series of pharmacologically active metabolites Shorter rapidly inactivated w few pharmacologically active metabolites Explain the difference between benzodiazepines buspirone and selective serotonin reuptake Benzo onset immediate withdrawal discontinuation following long term treatment Bus onset of action delayed no withdrawal SSRI used to treat depression but some with anxiety not addictive Define affective disorder and distinguish among the following conditions Mood ranges from severe mania to severe depression Addiction Chronic often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking despite the harmful obvious negative consequences Motivation to change 5 stages of change Pre contemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance Sudden sniffing death Cardiac arrest Motivational concepts Denial What ever the problem IS it is not me Blaming Rationalization Justification Acceptance Surface level Bad things are happening Realization that drugs and alcohol are the problem Deeper level acceptance requiring new attitude Program of recovery Disease concept Self help or Generalized anxiety disorder Characterized by chronic anxiety Exaggerated worry tension even when no reason to worry Suffers are very anxious about just getting through the day Think things will go badly Worrying keeps people with GAD from doing everyday tasks Obsessive compulsive disorder Recurrent intrusive irrational thoughts obsessions and or repetitive ritualistic behaviors compulsions intended to reduce the anxiety Can interfere w sufferer s daily routine Time may be spent everyday focusing on obsessive thoughts performing compulsive behaviors or something bad will happen Panic disorder Characterized by unexpected repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms panic attacks Physical symptoms resemble heart attack tachycardia w palpitations chest pain perspiration difficulty breathing dizziness stomach pain Experience feeling of being out of control during panic attack continually worry about when next panic attack will occur PTSD Develops after extreme emotionally traumatic event Combat situation sexual assault serious injury or life threatening experience that generates feelings of intense terror and helplessness Symptoms divided into 4 categories Intrusive memories Avoidance Negative changes in mood thinking Changes in emotional reaction Social phobia Overwhelming anxiety excessive self consciousness in everyday situations Sufferers experience an uncontrollable fear of interacting in public worry about these interactions for long periods of time before they happen Avoid places where they fear that something they do or say may cause them great embarrassment Agoraphobia Anxiety disorder where person fears avoids public places or situations where they feel trapped vulnerable or embarrassed Afraid to enter places where there are a lot of other people or where it is difficult to escape Overwhelming fear that they are unable to leave the confines of their homes venture into public Specific phobias Irrational or unreasonable fear of specific objects or situations Actively avoid specific object or situation continually dreads possibility of encountering specific object situation Some activities it disrupts the individuals daily life activities ADHD One of most common childhood disorders can continue through adolescence into adulthood Depression May be normal behavioral reaction or a sign of psychiatric illness Clinical types Exogenous situational or reaction depression Endogenous depression

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