UB ANA 113 - Final Exam Study Guide (19 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


This study guide outlines the last section of the course. The topics covered in the last section include the respiratory, endocrine, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. All relevant figures can be found on UB Learns.

Study Guide
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Ana 113 - Human Anatomy
Human Anatomy Documents

Unformatted text preview:

ANA 113 Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 26 27 and 30 38 Lectures 26 and 27 Respiratory Nasal cavity o Boundaries Roof Composed of nasal ethmoid and frontal bones Made of hyaline cartilage Anterior External openings nares nostrils Posterior Nasopharynx upper portion of pharynx throat Connects to middle ear by auditory tube Inferior Floor hard palate composed of maxilla and palatine bones Continuous with soft palate Lateral Skin is lined with mucous membrane Contain conchae shelf like projections of underlying bone turbinate Beneath conchae are openings meatuses for drainage of paranasal sinuses and nasolacrimal ducts Septum Medial wall of nostrils composed anteriorly of cartilage and posteriorly of bone vomer and ethmoid o Lining Mucosa pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium Goblet cells found in mucous membrane of epithelium Blood vessels very vascularized Olfactory epithelium specialized nerve cells and fibers CN1 in roof o Function Warms air blood vessels Moistens humidifies air mucous membrane Cleanses air cilia and mucus Sound resonance Sense of smell olfactory epithelium responds to chemicals in air and relays info to brain CN1 Paranasal sinuses o Location found in various bones Frontal Ethmoid Spenoid Maxillary o Function Lessen weight of cranial bones Sound resonance Lined with mucous membrane Pharynx o Structure and location Funnel shaped passageway approximately 5in in length Connects the nasal and oral cavities to the larynx and esophagus Composed of skeletal muscle Lined with mucous membrane composed of stratified squamous epithelium o Divisions Nasopharynx Uppermost and posterior to nasal cavity Contains opening for auditory tube Contains pharyngeal tonsils adenoids Oropharynx Middle portion Posterior to oral cavity Contains lingual and palatine tonsils Laryngopharynx Lowermost portion Region where food is directed posteriorly into esophagus and air is directed anteriorly into larynx Larynx connects laryngopharynx with trachea o Location C4 6

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