UT GOV 312L - Exam 2 Study Guide (65 pages)

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Exam 2 Study Guide



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Exam 2 Study Guide

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Pages:
65
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of Texas at Austin
Course:
Gov 312l - Issues and Policies in American Government
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

GOV 312L 1nd Edition Exam 2 Study Guide Thursday October 16 Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear Deterrence th Lecture readings 1 What is deterrence What are the main elements of deterrence To discourage attack through threat of retaliation nuclear weapons may not be able to prevent attack but can retaliate to where you don t want to attack in the FIRST PLACE o as opposed to defense actions that prevents an adversary from taking an action Elements o Severe conflict SU and US intense enemies negotiation not an option o Assumption of rationality enemy must know what nuclear weapons can do to them put their own self preservation first o Retaliatory threat each side has to weather an attack and then can attack back I can t prevent an attack but I will survive and tear you a new one o Unacceptable damage retaliatory attack needs to be devastating in order to make deterrence work If it just weakens enemy weakens deterrence o Credibility each side is to be able to follow through If enemy doesn t think you ll strike back then you done goofed o Stability adversary should not attack either side should have an incentive not to attack meant to avoid war 2 What is Clauswitz s idea of total war and how is the idea of total war associated with mutually assured destruction Total war is a war so terrible where both sides are assured massive amounts of destruction that the war itself no longer serves the purpose of protecting the state 3 What is mutually assured destruction MAD What is a second strike capability and why is it essential to mutually assured destruction MAD is if two sides use nuclear weapons then both will end up being annihilated Second strike capability is a country s assured ability to respond to an attack if one country is hit with a nuclear weapon will they have enough weapons left to attack back neither side has an incentive to start a war And when there is not a reason to go to war one would have to make the escalation of a nuclear war credible Deterrence is meant to



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