UT Arlington BIOL BIOL 3427 - 2108 Study Guide II_Sp09 (2 pages)

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2108 Study Guide II_Sp09



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2108 Study Guide II_Sp09

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School:
University of Texas at Arlington
Course:
Biol Biol 3427 - Plant Science
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2108 Study Guide II Sp09 Chapter 29 Nonvascular and Seedless Vascular Plants Describe the 4 derived characteristics that link charophyceans and land plants Describe 5 characteristics that distinguish land plants from charophycean algae o Explain how these features are adaptive for land Define and distinguish among the stages of the alternation of generations life cycle o This is the general cycle all other clades of plants follow alternate versions of it List and distinguish among the 3 phyla of nonvascular plants o Be able to briefly describe characteristics of each group Explain why most nonvascular plants grow close to the ground Diagram the life cycle of a moss o Label the gametophyte and sporophyte stages and the locations of gamete production fertilization and spore production List some of the ecological and economic significance of the phyla bryophyte Distinguish between microphylls and megaphylls Distinguish between homosporous and heterosporous plants Explain how vascular plants differ from nonvascular plants Explain why seedless vascular plants are most commonly found in moist environments Diagram the life cycle of a fern o Label the antheridia archegonia fertilization sporphyte generation sori meiosis mitosis and spores Know what purpose xylem and phloem serve and be able to distinguish between the 2 List and distinguish the 2 phyla of seedless vascular plants o Be able to briefly describe characteristics of each group Chapter 30 Seeded Plants Name 5 terrestrial adaptations that contributed to the success of seed plants Compare the size and independence of the gametophytes of nonvascular seedless vascular and seeded vascular plants Describe the ovule of a seed plant Explain why pollen grains were an important adaptation for successful reproduction on land List and distinguish among the 4 phyla of gymnosperms Diagram the life cycle of a pine o Identify the parts that are the gametophyte generation and the parts that are the sporophyte generation Identify the following floral structures and describe a function for each o Sepal petal stamen carpel filament anther stigma style ovary and ovule Define fruit and explain how they are adapted to disperse seeds Diagram the life cycle of an angiosperm o Identify the parts that are the gametophyte generation and the parts that are the sporophyte generation Distinguish between monocots and eudicots Recognize some of the angiosperms that are most important in the life of humans Chapter 35 Plant Structure Describe and compare the 3 basic organs of vascular plants o Explain how these basic organs are dependent on each other List the basic functions of roots o Describe and compare the structures and functions of fibrous roots taproots root hairs and adventitious roots Describe the basic structure of plant stems o Explain the phenomena of apical dominance Describe the basic structure of leaves o Describe and distinguish between the leaves of monocots and eudicots Describe the 3 tissue systems that make up plant organs o Describe and distinguish between the 3 basic cell types of ground tissues Chapter Animal Diversity Be able to describe the characteristics that define animals Be able to explain the process of embryonic development from a zygote to a gastrula Know the 4 ways animals are grouped or classified i e symmetry germ layers coelom and embryonic development Distinguish between the types of symmetry demonstrated by animals o Explain how an animal s symmetry fits its way of life Know what each of the germ layers are and what they develop into Distinguish between acoelomates pseduocoelomates and coelomates o Be able to explain a function of the body cavity Distinguish between the following terms o Diploblastic and triploblastic o Spiral and radial cleavage o Determinate and indeterminate cleavage Compare the developmental differences between protostomes and deuterostomes in terms of o Pattern of cleavage fate of blastopore and coelom formation Know the 5 main features of animal phylogeny accepted by both the traditional morphological hypothesis and the new molecular hypothesis o Be able to list one place where they differ Distinguish between lophotrochozoans and ecdysozoans in terms of characteristic larval stages


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